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Regional inequalities and spatial imbalances pose less significant problems in the GFR than in many other European countries. The lack of overriding focus and the federal governmental structure permit more diverse and finely tuned policy approaches towards problems of urban congestion and regional structural decay and cyclical instability. At the same time, however, newly emerging problems are not always recognized sufficiently early. A case in point is the development of the employment of foreigners in urban agglomerations. The paper discusses a number of rising conflicts in view of economic and social objectives of regional and spatial planning policies.
Selected Subsequent Literature: [related to integration, return migration, urban spatial structure and regional development]
BEELEY,-B.-W.. (Open University Press), 1983, 33 pp, 12 figs, 32 photos, 4 tables, 29 refs. [Reviews comparative analytical approaches to migration, taking the example of rural-urban movement within Turkey and the labour migration of Turks to Europe and the Middle E.]
Juergen Friedrichs Ethnic Segregation in Cologne, Germany, 1984-94 Urban Studies 35(10), 1998, pp.1745ff.
Gedik-A.. Internal migration in Turkey, 1965-1985: test of conflicting findings in the literature. Review-of-Urban-and-Regional-Development-Studies. 1997; 9(2): 170-179 [The purpose of this paper is to bring new insights to some of the conflicting findings in the migration literature about developing countries by using detailed analyses of Turkish migration data.]
Franz-Josef Kemper, Restructuring of Housing and Ethnic Segregation: Recent Developments in Berlin Urban Studies 35(10), 1998, pp.1765ff.
Razum-O.; Zeeb-H.; Akgun-H.S.; Yilmaz-S. Low overall mortality of Turkish residents in Germany persists and extends into a second generation: Merely a healthy migrant effect? Tropical-Medicine-and-International-Health. 1998; 3(4): 297-303 [OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that as a minority with lower socio- economic status, Turkish residents in Germany might experience a higher mortality than Germans.]
Tunali,-I.. Migration and remigration of male household heads in Turkey, 1963- 1973. Economic-Development-and-Cultural-Change. 1996. 45/1, 31-67. [Data on individual migration histories from 1963 to 1973 in Turkey were used to determine the qualitative and quantitative importance of the various factors behind migration and remigration.]
Waldorf-B.. Intentions to return home of foreigners living in Germany. Ruckkehrabsichten und -verhalten von Auslandern in Deutschland. Geographische-Rundschau. 1997; 49(7-8): 423-427 [This article provides a comparison between intentions to return home and observable return migration behaviour of Italians and Turks living in Germany].
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