Creating your own Presence on the Web


Alternative and Supporting Pages:

There are many paths towards Internet competence and happiness, and many guides which might help you along. This one does NOT claim to be the best. However, it is adjusted to "local conditions" and is taking a deliberate, step-by-step approach. After going through this page you will be able to:

  • Have your Web ("public_html") directory activated, if you do not have it already.
  • Activate your public_html directory (within your present Email Account)
  • Learn basic commands using UNIX to get in and out of your UNIX shell and navigate within UNIX between and within directories.
  • Learn basic HTML tags to begin putting your class assignments onto the WWW.
There is a lot of useful information here. Make sure you have enough time to go through the first 7 steps at one time. You may come back and finish the rest at a later time.
As you're making your way through this process, make sure you take down some notes (most important: your password!). If you have any questions: ask! Please, also point out any errors, ambiguities or anything else which seems confusing on this page and let us know. Without further ado, lets get started!!


  1. Activate your public_html directory (Assuming you have already an Email account
  2. Admire your "Home Page" in a Browser: How do you like your first page?
  3. Your public_html directory
  4. To Create a Subdirectory for this Class (or a home for class materials of all sorts)
  5. Time-Out: Open (connected) or closed (secret) files?
  6. Let's Move Some Content Onto Our Page Maybe this "Geography-Directory-Template"?
  7. HTML: Have the Time of My Life!
  8. Is our Web Site Ready for our Project?
  9. Creating "Hyperlinks"
  10. You have graduated to Krumme's Electronic Survival Guide

1. Activate your "public_html" subdirectory

  • From your E-mail account, go to "main menu", and type "0" for "other".
  • To create/activate your public_html directory (and thereby automatically become the owner of an already prepared "home page", find the line "W - webdev: Work on Your Web Site" and type type "W".
  • You will read: "The option you have selected requires a separate web development directory. Do you want to enable this directory right now?

    Please answer Y (for yes) or N (for no)." Answer: "Y"

  • A public_html subdirectory will be magically and automatically created which will contain, in the future, all of your Web site directories, files and images. Right now, it contains only a "starter page" provided free by C&C. This directory is linked to the University-sponsored "students" server; therefore,
    • your URL-address (Universal Resource Locator) is: http://students/

      [yourlogin is your Email login name]

2. View your pre-made "Homepage" in a "Browser"

  • You are likely to use either NETSCAPE or Microsoft Explorer. These are graphics-enabled browsers (as different from "Lynx" which is a text browser only, and still accessible via UWIN (under "Internet Resources"). Enter your URL..... You will see the standard figure (which you may or may not like or want to get rid of....) and your name and address.

    Should you be sufficiently curious at this stage and want to see how your page has been programmed (i.e. what kind of HTML-code has been used), click the "View" button at the top of the screen (in Netscape and Explorer) and select "source". This capability to get not just into your own page code, but into the code of any page, is, of course, a wonderful opportunity to learn how to write HTML code. Mind you, you will not be able to make any changes...

    Anyway, congratulations! Your account is set up, and you can start putting pages into your initial (public_html) directory. You may also create further subdirectories and thereby the organizational scheme needed to keep your future webb system, your prolific writing plans and your different classes and interest areas organized and under control.

3. Getting into your public_html directory

4. Creating your class-specific subdirectory within your public_html directory

Let's assume that you are still in your public_html directory or folder.

  • We want to keep our Geography business separate from any other uses we may have for our home page. Thus we establish a "subdirectory 207":
  • Type "mkdir 207" [no quotation marks, please; mkdir is simply a UNIX command to make a new sub-directory within an already existing directory]

    (Note: Please remember for future HTML sessions that, every time you want to work on your Web page, you need to proceed right away into the public_html subdirectory. At your main Dante Menu, either type "S" for shell (or first "O" for Other and then "W" for Web Work). Then type "cd public_html". You can always find out whether you in the right directory by typing "ls" (list) which will bring up the content of that directory. You get out of your Web directory by first closing the present file: Ctrl "x", than "Y" for "Yes", then "enter". After the dante prompt appears, you simply type "exit" and you are a free person again... Enjoy!)

5. Let's take a Conceptual Time-Out....

Before we go any further, I'll suggest that, at this point in the class, we distinguish between "open" and "closed" parts of our home page system. Open files can be connected ("linked") to your geog-subdirectory or any other page in your system or the system of other members of the class. Other files you may want keep closed, i.e. hidden at least for the time-being until you are ready to open them, maybe initially only to your group or your instructor. These are files which are in preparation (drafts) which you want to keep for yourself or disclose only selectively. Thus, you may want to open some files, or a new subdirectory with some files, which you give names which can not easily be guessed (like your password).

6. Let's Post some Content on our geog Page!

  • Now lets go back to our E-mail (Dante) account and assume that you have written a statement to your instructor in which you introduce yourself, your background, interests and plans for the class. If you have not done so yet, maybe now is the time to do so! This message is supposed to introduce you not merely to the instructor, but also to the whole class. Write something about yourself, your academic background and interests, what you like to get out of this class, and, as importantly, what you might be able to contribute to the class. However, write down only whatever you feel comfortable with, and what you think your peers and your instructor should know about (so that they can help you to make this class a valuable experience for you). you.

  • After you have sent this message to, go into your Dante "sent-mail" folder and export (CTRL "E") this message to the UNIX shell. You have to give it a name; call it "intro" if you like.

    If you have not done this before, you may want to send your introduction through the speller while you are still in dante by typing CTRL t .. just like you would do it in UNIX/Pine. You may also edit or expand it, i.e. add your first words of wisdom directly to your Web page!

    You might already be able to guess that the URL of this page or file is:

    What we have done here is to prove that we DO NOT NEED HTML (the Hypertext Markup Language) to write into our Web site or to submit assignments for this class. This initial take-home assignment will be accepted as a text file. Just send the address of your assignment file to your instructor! [for this "Introduction, you do not have to notify your instructor if your address is: ..../yourlogin/207/intro

7. Now: HTML! (Have the Time of My Life)
Well, maybe, just maybe, you want to take the next step and begin to make use of the many visual and organizational improvements which HTML opens up.

  1. Now use the initial index.html home page as a template for your 207 page. Thus we copy the initial index page into our 207 subdirectory:
  2. At the dante-prompt type "cd .." (to get back up to your main directory; [the UNIX command "cd" stands for "change directory"]
  3. Type cp index.html 207 ["cp" means "copy"]
  4. Now we go into the geog subdirectory to see whether our index page has arrived:
  5. Type: cd geog
  6. Type: ls (there should be the index.html in addition to at least the earlier text file(s))
  7. Now you want to copy the index.html file again in order to retain it as a "clean" template
  8. Type: cp index.html template.html [index.html becomes the coverpage for your Geography Site, template.html can be used in the future to start new HTML pages.
  9. Now lets work with your first genuine file. By-the-way, the URL for this initial file will be: You actually can omit the index.html in the URL since index.html is always the default file in any folder/directory. However, this is a real file and can be used.
  10. Type: pico index.html [This opens the index.html file so that you can edit and expand it.]
  11. Insert our temporary geog logo into the space where this awful figure used to be:
    Type (or "copy & paste"): <IMG SRC = "">
  12. Expand this file now into a simple Directory for your present class
    1. by writing a heading: <H1> Directory for Geography XYZ </H1>
    2. by making an ordered <OL> or unordered list <UL> for your assignments e.g.
      <LI> My Introduction
      <LI> My First Assignment (Definition of Economic Geography)
      <LI> My Concentration Proposal and Initial Literature (Week 3 Assignment)
      <LI> My Next Assignment
      <LI> etc.
      and end this list by typing either </UL> or </OL>

If you wish, you can insert now a clickable tag in this table-of-content file by writing, in front of My Introduction one of the following tags:

  • <A HREF = ""> or, since we are already in the student Web server:
  • <A HREF = "/loginname/geog/intro"> or, since we actually remain in the same subdirectory, just:
  • <A HREF = "intro">
After My Introduction we add </A> in order to close the tag. Now you want to minimize the Dante screen and go back into your browser (Netscape or Explorer) and see whether you actually can click your way to your introduction. Does it work? (It often does not, since it is sooo easy to make slight mistakes!)

At this moment, your geog(index.html)- file (geog cover page) is composed in HTML, your only other file ("intro") is still a text file.

Here is a more complete and systematic presentation of your first HTML tags. Click!

8. Move your "Concentration" document into your Web site as an HTML file:

Let's also assume that you have written another document called "My Concentration". Since this write-up consists of only two pages + Bibliography, it should be the perfect document to learn and practice some very basic Web site skills.

  1. Find a computer where you can load your wordprocessed documents and saul at the same time.
  2. Open your saul account, type: cd public_html (enter), then: cd geog
  3. Type: pico concentration.html (an empty screen opens)
  4. Type: Ctrl "R" and import "index.html" (your template)
  5. Right after "(body)", insert the following headline: <CENTER><H2> MY CONCENTRATION TOPIC (WHATEVER IT MAY BE)</H2> <HR> </CENTER>
    is the second largest font for headings (there are 5 others (H1, H2...)
    <HR> will draw a line
  6. Then type: <P> (= will make make sure text starts on a new line and with some space in between)
  7. Now go into your wordprocessing screen and "copy" (via the "Edit" command) by highlighting the first paragraph or page of your concentration text. Move back to Saul and deposit ("paste") this text underneath the <P> you had just written. Repeat this procedure until you have your whole concentration text transferred. You may want to try doing it all in one procedure; however, I have repeatedly lost last sections by transferring (copy/pasting) too large segments all at once.
  8. Separate all paragraphs by either <P> (=new line with space) or <BR> (=just new line).
  9. Now you can use the UNIX speller (Ctrl T) and all your grammar-, syntax- and all your other editorial skills to make a final effort to whip your text into shape.
  10. Go to your browser (netscape etc.), type in the URL for this new page: and admire your new creation. It is likely that you may want to make further changes...
  11. Repeat this procedure (i.e. creating separate pages) for your Bibliography and Questions
  12. Create tags (clicks) in order to links these three pages to each other.

9. Creating "Hyperlinks": The full "hypertextual" potential of your Internet pesence will not have been utilized without

  1. External Links: to the World-Wide Web
      Go into "View" and "Source" of a page which contains the type of hyperlink which you wish to include in your page and try to figure it out....
  2. External Links to pages maintained by other members of your group or this class
  3. Internal Links to other pages in your own system of pages
  4. Internal Document Links: Links to particular spots within a document.

For these and other Internet and HTML secrets, advance to Krumme's Electronic Survival Guide

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