Geog.207 Exercise: Analyze and Compare the Structure and Content of these

Three Texts in Economic Geography: 1937, 1963, 1998


Exercise for Week #2 in Geog 207 (Spring 2003):

Briefly compare the content of these three Economic Geography texts (representing three different eras) in light of our discussions in class and chapter 1 of your text. All three books are on undergraduate Reserve in OUGL. Inspecting the books of 1937 (or its more recent edition) and 1963 is recommended but not absolutely necessary as long as you feel comfortable referring to the outlines of the books without actually having had them in hand.

  1. Stamp, L. Dudley. Chisholm's Handbook of Commercial Geography. [This is a more recent edition that the one underlying the Exercise for Week #2; however, the table of content appears to be largely intact]
    [On OUGL Reserve: HF1025.S689]

  2. Alexander, John W., Economic Geography. Prentice Hall 1963
    [On OUGL Reserve: 911.2 A127e]

  3. Your Stutz Text [should also be on Reserve]

Due: Tuesday, April 8 (on paper, in class)

[Recommended length: One page, typed, proofread, with name, submission date and title (+ subheadings if appropriate) and sources used (other than three three texts). IMPORTANT: Keep original copy for your own (Portfolio) records!]

If you submit your first exercise on your own Webpage, the due date is Wednesday, April 9 at Noon, please submit the URL by Email to by that time AND submit a paper copy to instructor by Thursday, April 10]

[As with all exercises, late exercises will count for 50% for one week after due-date. Exercises will remain due for the final "Portfolio"]

Supporting Pages:

1937 1963 1998
L.Dudley Stamp (London School of Economics):
Chisholm's Handbook of Commercial Geography,
London: Longmans, Green & Co, 1937. [Chisholm's Handbook of Commercial was first published in 1889, was last revised in 1932 as the 12th edition and then "entirely rewritten" by Stamp]
John W. Alexander (University of Wisconsin):
Economic Geography.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1963.
Stutz, Frederick P. (San Diego State University,) and Anthony R. de Souza, (Southwest Texas State University):
The World Economy: Resources, Location, Trade and Development,
3.edition 1998.
Introduction (p.1)
  • Economic Statistics (p.15)
  • Subjects for Investigation

General Facts Relating to the Production, Distribution and Exchange of Commodities

  • Climate
  • Climatic Regions
  • Soil and its Treatment
  • Preservation of the Properties of the Soil
  • Irrigation (p.60)
  • Labour (p.63)

Circumstances Connected with the Exchange of Commodities (p.77)

  • Transport
  • Ocean Trade Routes
  • Aerial Transport
  • Posts and Telegraphs
  • Commercial and Industrial Towns
  • Commercial Countries
  • Language, etc (p.113)
  • Instruments of Exchange (p.114)


  1. Commodities dependent directly or indirectly on Climate
    1. Products of the Temperate Zones (p.119)
      • Wheat
      • Maize
      • Oats
      • Barley
      • Rye
      • Buckwheat
      • Pulses
      • Potato
      • Other Vegetables
      • Fruits
      • Wine
      • Hops (p.144)
      • Beet
      • Flax
      • Hemp
      • Wool
      • Woolen Manufactures
      • Silk
      • Silk Manufactures (p.161)

    2. Subtropical Products
      • Cotton
      • Cotton Manufactures
      • Tobacco
      • Opium
      • Tea (p.182)

    3. Tropical Products
      • Coffee
      • Cacao
      • Rice
      • Millets
      • Minor Farinaceous Products (p.195)
      • Yams
      • Sugar-cane
      • The Sugar Industry
      • Cinchona
      • Vegetable Fibres (p.202)
      • Fruits
      • Rubber

    4. Products of Various Climates
      • Vegetable Oils, Oil-seeds, Oil-cake
      • Gums, Resins, and other Vegetable Extracts (p.213)
      • Spices, Stimulants and Condiments
      • Dye-stuffs from the Vegetable Kingdom (p.218)
      • Timber
      • Furs
      • Meat
      • Miscellaneous Products, chiefly of Animal Origin
      • Artificial Silk

    5. Fisheries (p.232)

    6. Mineral Products (p.238)
      • Coal (p.238)
      • Petroleum and its Products
      • Gold and Silver
      • Lead
      • Copper
      • Zinc
      • Tin
      • Mercury (Quicksilver) (p.256)
      • Iron
      • Salt
      • Minor Minerals (p.269)

    7. Manufactured Articles in which various Materials are used
      • Leather
      • Paper
      • Earthenware and Porcelain
      • Glass
      • Soap
      • Chemical Industries (p.285)

    8. Regional Geography:

      • Europe (p.290)

      • Asia (p.555)

      • The Monsoon Countries and Their Dependencies (p.573)

      • Africa (p.642)

      • America (p.692)

      • Australia and Polynesia (p.796-830)
Part 1: Introduction
  1. Economic Geography: Meaning and Method (p.5)
  2. People--The Producers and Consumers (p.17)

Part 2: Subsistence Economic Activities

  1. Primitive Subsistence Activities (p.31)
  2. Intensive Subsistence Farming (p.47)

Part 3: Commercial Gathering of Plants and Animals

  1. Commercial Gathering of Wild Animals (p.70)
  2. Commercial Forest Gathering (p.88)

Part 4: Commercial Bioculture

  1. Livestock Ranching (p.109)
  2. Commercial Dairy Farming (p.124)
  3. Mixed Farming (p.138)
  4. Mediterranean Agriculture (p.154)
  5. Commercial Grain Farming (p.167)
  6. Miscellaneous Crops (p.184)
  7. Miscellaneous Animals, Review of Bioculture (p.201)

Part 5: Commercial Mining (p.222)

  1. Selected Minerals (p.225)
  2. Oil and Gas: A Study in Historical Geography (p.252)
  3. Mining: General Observations

Part 6: Commercial Manufacturing

  1. Commercial Food Manufacturing (p.294)
  2. Fiber, Leather,, and Other Wood Products (p.312)
  3. Mineral Processing Industries (p.333)
  4. Steel and Fabricated-Metal Products (p.351)
  5. Transportation Machinery (p.368)
  6. Electrical and other Machinery (p.387)
  7. Manufacturing Regions: Anglo-America (p.404)
  8. Manufacturing Regions: Europe (p.429)
  9. Manufacturing Regions: U.S.S.R., Asia, Other (p.445)

Part 7: Transportation and Trade

  1. Means of Transportation (p.467)
  2. International Trade (p.496)

Part 8: Tertiary Economic Activity (p.516)

  1. Service Centers: Location and Size (p.519)
  2. Cities: Characteristics and Relationships (p.537)
  3. Spatial Variation within a Service Center (p.566)

Part 9: Measurement, Theory, and Planning (p.588)

  1. Measurement of Location and Association (p.590)
  2. Location Theory (p.612)
  3. Levels of Areal Development: Regional Planning (p.532)
1. Globalization of the World Economy: An Introduction.
  • Globalization (p.4)
  • World Development Problems (p.27)
  • World Economic Conditions (p.32)
  • The Four Worlds (p.32)
  • The Four Questions of the World Economy (p.33)
  • Political Economies (p.34)
  • What Should Be Produced? (p.38)
  • Answering the "How" Question (p.39)
  • Future Versus Present Economic Growth (p.39)
  • The Geographic Perspective (p.41)
2. Population and the World Economy (p.49)
  • Population Distribution (p.50)
  • Factors Influencing Population Distribution (p.53)
  • Population Growth Over Times and Space (p.58)
  • Population Processes (p.62)
  • Population Structure (p.75)
  • Demographic Characteristics (p.79)
  • Economic Growth and Economic Development (p.82)
  • Demographic Economic Forecasting: Companies and Cities (p.85)
  • Firm Target Marketing (p.86)
  • The Great (Baby) Boom Ahead (p.94)
3. Resources and Environment (p.109)
  • Resources and Population (p.110)
  • Types of Resources and Their Limits (p.111)
  • Food Resources (p.113)
  • Nonrenewable Mineral Resources (p.123)
  • Energy (p.127)
  • Adequacy of Fossil Fuels (p.134)
  • Energy Options (p.139)
  • Environmental Degradation (p.143)
  • Appendix A: Why GIS (p.152)
4. Transportation and Communications in World Economy (p.163)
  • Transport Costs in the World Economy (p.165)
  • Routes and Networks (p.173)
  • Flows in Networks (p.182
  • Improved Transport Facilities (p.184)
  • Transportation Policy (p.190)
  • Personal Mobility in the United States, 1990 (p.193)
  • Communication Improvements (p.204)
  • Statistical Appendix (p.219)
5. World Agriculture and Rural Land Use (p.229)
  • Transforming Environments Through Agriculture (p.230)
  • Factors Affecting Rural Land Use (p.236)
  • Site Characteristics (p.236)
  • World Cultural Preference and Perception (p.236)
  • Systems and Production (p.237)
  • Subsistence, or Peasant Mode, of Production (p.237)
  • Commercial Mode of Production (p.244)
  • Socialist Mode of Production (p.260)
  • Comparison of the Three Systems of Production (p.261)
  • Relative Location of Farms (p.261)
  • Von Thunen's Model (p.262)
6. Urban Land Use: Theory and Practice (p.273)
  • Cities and Societies (p.275)
  • The Process of City Building (p.277)
  • Intraurban Spatial Organization (p.281)
  • Classical Models of Urban Land Use (p.286)
  • Models of City structure in Developing Countries (p.287)
  • Sprawling Metropolis: Patterns and Problems (p.289)
7. Cities as Retail and Service Centers (p.307)
  • Central Places and Their Hinterlands (p.308)
  • The Questions or Central-Place Theory (p.311)
  • Wholesaling and the Mercantile Model of Settlement (p.317)
  • Evidence in Support of Central-Place Theory (p.319)
  • Cross-Cultural Patterns (p.329)
  • Planning Uses of Central Place Theory (p.331)
  • World Cities (p.333)
  • Smart Cities (p.335)
8. Industrial Location: Firms.
  • The Nature of Manufacturing (p.344)
  • Uneven Distribution of Raw Materials (p.345)
  • Extensions of Weber's Model (p.351)
  • Production Costs at the Site (p.353)
  • Locational Costs (p.361)
  • The Locational Effects of Technique (p.362)
  • Scale Considerations of Industrial Location (p.363)
  • Obstacles to Optimal Location (p.366)
  • Evaluation of Industrial Location Theory (p.366)
  • The Large Industrial Enterprise (p.368)
  • Multinational Corporations (p.371)
  • Geographic Organization of Corporate Systems (p.377)
  • Industrial Evolution (p.383)
  • Information Technology: The Fifth Wave? (p.385)
9. Industrial Location: World Regions.
  • Forces of Production and Social Relations (p.390)
  • Where Industry is Located (p.392)
  • Globalization and World Manufacturing (p.400)
  • The Relocation of the American Manufacturing Industry (p.408)
  • The Industrialization of Japan (p.414)
  • Industrialization of the Developing World (p.415)
  • World Industrial Problems (p.421)
10. International Business I: Dynamics.
  • International Trade (p.429)
  • Competitive Advantage of Nations (p.436)
  • Factor Conditions (p.436)
  • Barriers to International Business (p.454)
  • Multinational Economic Organizations (p.460)
11. International Business II: World Patterns.
  • Composition of World Trade (p.474)
  • World Patterns of Trade (p.479)
  • Major Global Trade Flows in the 1990s (p.517)
12. Development.
  • What's in a Word? "Developing" (p.528)
  • The Goals of Development (p.528)
  • Characteristics of Less Developed Countries (p.529)
  • The Less Developed Countries' Debt Crisis (p.535)
  • How Economic Development Is Measured?
  • Colonialism and Global Core-Periphery Relations (p.546)
  • Regional Disparities within Developing Countries (p.548)
  • The Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union (p.550)
  • Help for Less Developed Countries from advanced Nations (p.557)

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