Under (since Retirement:) "Sporadic" Development!
Economic & Business Geography
and the Knowledge-Based Space Economy
-- A Learning Web --

© Gunter Krumme
2002

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Table of Contents

QUICK INDEX:


  1. Introduction
  2. Location & Spatial Distribution
  3. Spatial Interaction
  4. Economic_Change &_Development


  1. Regional Economic Analysis
  2. Geography and Cyberspace
  3. Student Research & Writing
  4. Evaluation_&_Learning Documentation


  1. Beyond Campus
  2. Appendices, A - D
    Glossary -- Resources -- Index -- Guides


  • Preface & Learning Map
  • Welcome to this Learning Web
  • Search this Learning Web!
  • Acknowledgements
  • Disclaimer

    1. Introduction

      1. What is "Economic and Business Geography"?
        1. Economic Geography after September 11, 2001?
        2. Economic Geography: Toward a Conceptual Framework
          1. A 'Working' Definition of Economic Geography
        3. What is the "Knowledge-Based Space Economy"?
        4. Spatial Structure and Economic Change: Major Perspectives & Explanations in Economic Geography
        5. Supplementary Economic & Business Geography Resource Systems & Book Webs
        6. Introductory Texts
        7. Comparison of Three Texts: 1937, 1963, 1998
        8. Recent Economic Geography Literature
        9. Bibliographic Links to VIPs in Economic & Business Geography
        10. Other Economic Geography Programs

      2. Learning in Economic & Business Geography
        1. Building Learning Webs for Economic Geography
        2. Learning Objectives [Index]
          1. Econ & Bus Geography Learning Objectives
          2. Learning Matrix
          3. Bloom's Taxonomy [Appropriate Verbs]
          4. Curriculum Development
        3. Learning Skills
          1. How To Do Well in EBG
          2. Study Skills Guides
          3. Why Should I keep a Notebook?
          4. Why Should We Use the Internet in Economic Geography?
            1. Selected History of this Learning Web
          5. Information Literacy
            1. Geography Library Portal
            2. Social Science Citation Index / Web of Science
          6. Members' Personal Introduction to their Peers and the Facilitator
          7. Slides for Introduction Economic Geography [organized by week]
          8. Other Learning Support
        4. Community and Outreach Skills
          1. Service Learning
          2. Volunteering Opportunities
          3. Web Volunteering (Resources)


    2. Location and Spatial Organization of Economic Activities

      1. Introduction
        1. Supporting Disciplines and Learning Clusters

      2. Types of Economic Activities: Economic Actors & Sectors
        1. Production activities by sectors and industries
          1. Industrial classifications
          2. Primary Sector Activities
          3. Secondary Sector Activities
            1. BioTechnology Industry
            2. Automobile Industry
              1. Japanese Car Manufacturers in the U.S. [Maps, 1991]
          4. Tertiary Sector Activities (Services)
            1. Retailing
            2. Producer Services
              1. Software Industry
              2. Accounting
              3. Consulting
              4. Financial Services
              5. Insurance Activities
          5. Quaternary & Quinary Sector Activities
        2. by Organization and Size
          1. Informal Economic Activities
          2. Non-Profit Organizations
          3. Small Business and Entrepreneurship
        3. Consumption Activities

      3. Locational Approaches: A Survey
        1. ROOTS: Rediscover the Origins of Theoretical Space [Project]
        2. Locational VIPs (Index)
        3. Locality & Place

      4. The Locational 'Economic Man'
        1. The Four Traditions of Classical Location Theory
        2. The Weber Tradition
          1. Hoover's Transport Cost Gradients
          2. Verignon Frame
          3. Critical Isodapane
          4. Factors of Production and Spatial Differentiation
          5. Spatial and Input Substitution Extensions (Predoehl/Isard/Moses)
            1. Isoquants (Production Possibility Curves)
            2. Environment & Location
          6. Agglomeration & Localization
        3. Land Use Traditions
          1. Selected Land Use Theory
            1. Land Use Readings
          2. The von Thunen Legacy
            1. Thunen's Rent Function (Graph)
            2. Thunen Exercise
          3. Alonso: Urban Land Use
            1. The Third Urban Spatial Dimension
            2. Housing & Residential Location [Resources]
            3. Urban Parks
            4. Zoning
        4. Market Areas, Central Places and Spatial Competition
          1. Spatial Demand & Market Areas (Graphs)
          2. Walter Christaller & the Central Place Tradition
            1. Walter Christaller (Photo)
            2. The Ultimate Central Place Exercise
          3. Retail Geography
            1. Electronic Retailing
            2. Bank Office Location
          4. Geography of Consumer Behaviors & Consumption
          5. Harold Hotelling
            1. Big & Small [Numerical Exercise]
          6. Oligopolistic Behaviors (Resources)

      5. Location & Uncertainty
        1. Decisions
        2. Game Theory
          1. The Hotelling Model (Two-Person Zero-Sum Matrix): A Game-Theoretic Interpretation (Wald Criterion)
          2. Tucker's "Prisoners' Dilemma" (Geographic Applications?)
          3. Other (Game-Theoretic) Decision Criteria
        3. Use of Probabilities: The Expected Value Maximization Principle | More here.
        4. Bayesian Interpretations
          1. Quantification of Uncertainty and Probabilities?
          2. The Saturn Example
        5. Shortcomings of the EVMP
        6. Forecasts & Future Studies
        7. Locational Flexibilities
          1. Flexibility & Adaptability (Resources)
          2. Glossary]

      6. Location and Strategy ("Decision-Making")
        1. Flexibility Strategies
        2. Early Warning Systems
        3. Conceptualizing the Decision Process: Spatial Decision Process Models
          1. Musts & Wants [Kepner & Tregoe]
        4. Site Selection
        5. Allocation & Decision Support Systems
        6. Consulting

      7. Location and Behavior
        1. Behavioral Propositions: Boundedly Rational Man & Satisficing
        2. Pred's Behavioral Matrix
        3. Adaptive Approaches
        4. Cyert & March's Model
        5. Garbage Can Model of Organizational Decision-Making

      8. Geography and Organization
        1. What is an "Organization"?
        2. Organizational Research Methods
        3. Organization Theory
        4. Decision-Making Costs & Spatial Organization [Isard]
        5. The Learning Organization
        6. Non-Profit Organizations and NGOs
          1. Social Capital
          2. Philanthropy
          3. Jeremy Rifkin: The End of Work
        7. Governments and Institutions
          1. Institutional Perspectives
          2. Power

      9. Corporate Geography
        1. Corporation and Region
          1. Exercise: My Organization
          2. Roger Hayter: Dynamics of Industrial Location
        2. Corporate Geography: Other Resources
          1. Seattle Area Corporations
          2. Microsoft
          3. Boeing
          4. Enron Collapse
          5. Daimler-Chrysler
          6. Boise's Corporate Headquarters
          7. Forest Products Corporations - Pacific Northwest
        3. Corporate Mergers
        4. Corporate Alliances and Business Networks
        5. Organizational Communication Networks and Intranets
        6. Car Industry


    3. Economic Geography as Spatial Interaction

      1. Introduction: Spatial Interaction (Table)
        1. Supporting Disciplines and Learning Clusters
        2. Ullman's Complementarity Concept (Bases for Interaction)

      2. Edward L. Ullman

      3. The Gravity Model

      4. Migration Resources
        1. Migration as Circulation

      5. Transportation
        1. General Transportation Literature
        2. Web Sites
        3. Ports & Marine Transportation
        4. Air Transportation
        5. Travel & Tourism
        6. Urban Transportation
          1. Tele-Commuting
          2. Car-Sharing

      6. Tele-Communications

      7. The broader "Transactions View"

      8. Time Geography
        1. Kanban/ Just-in-Time
        2. Time Geography (Resources)

      9. Geography of International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment
        1. International Trade
          1. David Ricardo
          2. Comparative Advantage
          3. The Decision to Export
          4. Trade, Information and Communications
          5. Intra-firm trade
        2. Geography of Foreign Direct investment (FDI)
          1. Dunning's OLI Paradigm


    4. Geography of Economic Change & Development

      1. Introduction
        1. "Economic Change"
        2. Supporting Disciplines & Perspectives
        3. World Regions [Selected Resources only]
          1. Africa
          2. Asia
          3. Europe
          4. Latin America

      2. Regional & Community Development and Policy [Resources]
        1. Regional Economic Development Propositions
        2. Sector Hypotheses of Employment Changes
          1. Employment Patterns & Change
          2. Three-Sector Division of Employment for European Countries (1997)
          3. (Ernst) Engel's Law
          4. Product Life Cycle Proposition
          5. Productivity and Technology (Resources)
          6. Long Waves (Kondratieff)
          7. Germany
          8. Morgan D. Thomas & The Washington School of Economic Geography

      3. Regional Demographic Processes
        1. Population Pyramid & Exercise
          1. Population by Age & Sex: Washington State 1990
          2. Comparison 1990 & 2000 (Dynamic)
        2. Human Fertility Concepts
        3. Population Resources
        4. Migration Resources

      4. Agglomeration & Localization
        1. High-Tech Development
        2. High Tech in India [Bangalore]
        3. Internet Access & the Digital Divide: Information Inequality at Local & Global Levels

      5. Rural Development

      6. Information, Knowledge and Development

      7. Regional Development and Development Organizations
        1. Regional & Community Development
        2. Regional Development Organizations

      8. Third World Development & Strategies
        1. International Organizations
          1. World Trade Organization (WTO)
        2. Development Resources
        3. Disasters, Emergencies & Humanitarian Relief Economic Dimensions [Resources]

      9. Development Stakeholder & Policy Issues
        1. Labor Markets and Employment Issues
        2. Informal Sector Activities in the Third World & elsewhere
        3. Economic Handicaps: Issues & Programs [Homelessness, Poverty]
        4. Plant & Facility Closure & Related Layoffs, Regional Decline
          1. Plant Closure, Layoffs & Advance Notification: A Bibliography
        5. Corporate Information Disclosure & Stakeholder Issues
          1. Consolidation and Segmentation
        6. Multi-Locational Corporations and the Development of Host Country Economies
        7. Development, Environment & Sustainability
          1. Corporate Environmental Issues
          2. Corporate Environmental Reporting [Disclosure Bibliography]
          3. Energy Issues
          4. Natural Resources & Sustainability


    5. Regional Economic and Market Area Analysis

      1. Introduction
        1. Supporting Disciplines and Perspectives
        2. Qualitative & Quantitative Research Methods [R.L.Morrill]
        3. Explanatory & Analytical Models
          1. "endogenous" and "exogenous" model component
        4. Selected Regional Submodels
        5. Time and Space in Regional Economic Analysis [Table]
        6. Regional Economic Information systems
          1. Information Categories for Student Research
          2. Data Sources (under construction)

      2. The Concept of the "Region"
        1. "Open" and "Closed" Regions

      3. The Concept of "Structure" in "Regional Economic Structure and Structural Change"

      4. Regional Demographic Analysis
        1. Population Pyramid & Exercise
        2. Population Resources
        3. Selected Migration Impacts (An Example)

      5. Regional Composition of Economic Activities
        1. Location Quotient Exercise
        2. Coefficients of Localization (versus Dispersion)
        3. Coefficients of Specialization (versus Diversification)
          1. Diversification Strategy [Glossary]
        4. Shift and Share Analysis
          1. Shift and Share Exercises (Option I and II)
          2. Graph: Types of Industries by Their Contributions to Regional Totals
          3. with Excel Explanations

      6. Interdependence Structures of Economic Activities
        1. Regional & National Balances of Payments

        2. Economic Base
          1. Basic Relationships in the Economic Base Model (and Exercise)
          2. What is a "Multiplier"?
            1. Economic Base Multipliers
            2. Economic Base (Employment) Multiplier
          3. Non-Survey Approaches
            1. Location Quotient Approach
            2. Minimum Requirements Approach
            3. Assumption Approach
              1. Werner Sombart
          4. A simple model for a simple local economy
            1. Graph (provided by a Geog.350 student)
            2. Income Multiplier Exercise
          5. B/NB Ratios & Multipliers found in the Literature
          6. Space and Time in Multiplier Analysis
            1. The Gravity Model
            2. The Lowry/Garvin Model
            3. Short- and Long-Run Forecasts and Multipliers - [Explanation]
          7. Impact Studies
          8. History of the Economic Base Concept:
            1. Werner Sombart
            2. J. M. Keynes

        3. Network Analysis
          1. The Matrix in Economic Geography
          2. Matrix Analysis of Networks
          3. Network Exercise

        4. Input-Output
          1. Multipliers
            1. Leontief Coefficient
            2. Input/Output Multipliers (Overview Table of Major Multipliers)
          2. The Interindustry Structure of the Holukuluku Economy
            1. Holukuluku's Sector 7
              1. Sector 6
            2. The Table of Leontief Coefficients
            3. Input-Output Exercise (Geog.350)
          3. Direct, Indirect & Induced Coefficients of Aerospace Industry, Washington State (1987)
          4. Input/Output Equations
          5. Use of Location Quotients for calculating regional coefficients
          6. Comparative Input-Output Paths & Procedures [Class Models & Examples (see above)]
          7. Interregional Feedback Analysis
          8. Input-Output Resources
            1. Some Input-Output Literature
            2. Some Input-Output Resources on the WWW

        5. Impact Studies
          1. Sports Facilities & Professional Sports
          2. Conventions & Convention Centers
          3. Geography, Philanthropy & the Arts
          4. University Impacts
          5. Selected Migration Impacts [Numerical Example]

        6. Linear Programming in Regional Economic Analysis (Resources)

      7. VIPs in Regional Economic Analysis and Local Forecasting
        1. Charles M. Tiebout
        2. Seattle's Regional Economist & Economic Forecaster: Dick Conway
        3. Selected Others


    6. Economic Geography & Information Technology

      1. Cyberspatial Challenges for the Social Sciences ["Freshman Seminar" '99]

      2. Readings on Cyber Geography

      3. Electronic (Tele-) Communications: Literature

      4. History
        1. Chronologies of Telecommunications Developments and Policies

      5. The Internet in (Economic) Geographic Education

      6. Non-Profit Organizations and Information Technology

      7. Geographies of Cyberspace and the Internet Economy
        1. Telecommunications ("Backbone") Infrastructure

      8. Tele-Life-Styles
        1. Telecommuting
        2. Tele-Medicine & Tele-Health

      9. Internet Access & the Digital Divide: Information Inequality at Local & Global Levels

      10. Telecommunications


    7. Student Research & Writing in E&B Geography

      1. Phases, Stages and Steps in Geographic Investigation & Research

      2. Research & Writing Guides
        1. Hypertextual Writing, Web Design and Information Archtecture
          1. Information Architecture
          2. Are you hypertextually predisposed?
          3. Literature
        2. Writing Book or Document Reviews
        3. How to Approach and Write Essay-Type Statements under Examination Conditions

      3. Types of Secondary Sources

      4. Topical Resources

      5. Geography Library Portal


    8. Evaluation, Assessment and Learning Documentation
      1. Past Examinations and Test Questions

        1. Introductory Economic and Business Geography
        2. Regional Economic & Market Area Analysis (Junior Level)
        3. Location Theories (Senior Level)

      2. Evaluation & Grading Policy

      3. Should I Really Start My Own Portfolio Online?

      4. Letter of Achievement

      5. Evaluation Questionnaires

      6. EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF E&B GEOGRAPHY CLASSES


    9. Aiming for the Beyond
      1. Post Mortem
      2. Geography Departments with Leading Graduate Programs
      3. Students' Jobs and Careers after Graduation
        1. Jobs and Careers [Resources]
      4. Resume Writing


    APPENDICES
    A
  • Glossary_AtoZ
  • A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Z
    B
  • Resources_AtoZ
  • A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - W - Z
    C
  • Index_AtoZ
  • A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - W - Z
    D
  • Guides to the Use of the Internet and Webpages:
    1. Electronic Survival Guide
    2. Virtual Lab Instructions
    3. Creating your own Presence on the Web via UNIX
    4. How to Create External & Internal Hyper-Links: A Guide
    5. Account Expiration & Home Page Mobility: How to take your Web Pages with you when you graduate!

  • Other and General Resources: The most comprehensive online resource for fields overlapping the content of the Learning Web is the Web Book of Regional Science [Randall W. Jackson, editor, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University, since 1999] with its component parts. The entire Web Book can be searched via this (excite) search page.

  • SITE MAP SEARCH! E & B GEOG RESOURCES A-Z INDEX



    Return to: Krumme || Econ & Bus Geography
    2003 [econgeog@u.washington.edu]