SITE MAP EDUCATION PAGE ECON & BUS GEOG RESOURCES A-Z INDEX


Goodall, Brian, Dictionary of Human Geography, Penguin 1987

Johnston, R.J. et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, 3rd ed., 1994 and 4th ed, 1998.


[These items in Goodall's and Johnston's Dictionaries of Human Geography are not reading assignments per se, but are to assist you -- as needed, required or desired -- in sorting out unaccustomed terminology and in placing our location-theoretical discussions into the broader context of Human Geography]

WEEK 1:

REVIEW TERMS IN Brian GOODALL's Penguin Dictionary in Human Geography: Economic Geography; Economics; Geography; Industrial Geography; Land Economics; Marketing Geography; Microeconomics; Regional Science; Transport Geography; Urban Geography;
Area; city; city region; closed economy; closed system; conurbation; economic behavior; economic man; economy; entrepreneur; environment; firm; general systems theory; industry; location; manufacturing industry; market economy; population, region; space; territory; urban; primary activity/sector; secondary activity; tertiary activity; quaternary activty.
The following are terms which may or may not be used in class during the first week; many of them will play a role later-on. If you have the time, start your "vocabulary" early; otherwise, wait until the terms come up: ceteris paribus; deduction; [determinism]; deterministic; [epistemology]; [idiographic approach]; induction; laws; [logical positivism]; marginal analysis; model; [nomothetic approach]; normative theory; [ontoloyy]; [positivism]; [possibilism]; scientific method; theory; trade-off; variable; agglomeration economies; centrifugal & centripetal forces; Colby hypothesis; concentrated decentralization; decentralization; cost; cost structure; economies of massed resources; economies of scale; externalities, external (dis-)economies; footloose industry; location factors; site and situation; space; spatial structure; transport costs; urbanization economies;

JOHNSTON: Location Theory; Economic Geography; Space Economy; Welfare Geography; Theory; Hypothesis; Law; Model; Location-Allocation Models: Scale: Space: Locality; Place; Ethnography;

Weekly Resources (* Pre-Class Readings):
Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
Economic Geography
Regional Science
Regional Economics
147-54
515-7
195-99
685-6
Stutz, 41-5 Regional Economics
Location Theory; Locational Analysis 339-45; 346-9 460-3; 464-7 Other Resources
Geography of Retailing 533-5 713-5 Other Resources
Geography of Services 550-52 734-6 Other Resources
Spatial Interaction
Transport Geography
578; 641-3 776-7; 855-6 Spatial Interaction Perspectives

Other Resources

Regional Economic Development Other Resources
Theory 622 (theory)
424 (normative)
455 (positivism)
826 (theory)
557 (normative)
606 (positivism)
Hayter, (pp.3-7) Positivism (Encyclopfdia Britannica)
Historical Perspective Hayter, Ch.2 (pp.17-43)
Time Geography 624-7 830-3 Golledge & Stimson, Ch.8, pp.267-89


WEEK 2:

JOHNSTON: Market Exchange; Comparative Advantage; Division of Labour; Mixed Economy; Corporatism; Disorganized Capitalism; Industrial Organization; Informal Sector; Labour Market; Power; Public Goods,; Merit Good; Services (Geog.of); Producer Services; Diffusion; Contextual Theory; Time Geography; Time-Space Convergence; Life Cycle; Kondratieff Cycles; Restructuring; Deindustrialization; Industrial Inertia; Layers of Investments;

GOODALL:
action space; awareness space; authority constraints; capability constraints; coupling constraints; daily urban system; time geography; time-space prism;/

Weekly Resources:
Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
Industrial/ A.Weber pp.277-79; 349-50 (locational triangle) 382; 889 Dicken & Lloyd, 84-92

Stutz, 345ff.

Other Resources

Hoover ("Transfer Orientation")
Non-Linear Transport Cost Functions Dicken & Lloyd, 121-138

Stutz, 166-72

Harrington & Warf, 26-8

Hoover Online Ch.3
  • Graph 3.1
  • Graph 3.2
  • Variable Cost & Revenue Analysis; Spatial Margin 578-9; 668-71 888-91 Dicken & Lloyd, 97-100

    Stutz, 361-2

    Principle of Substitution (in Production & Consumption) 277 (Indifference curves) 380-1 (Indifference Curves) Dicken & Lloyd, 93-7; 151-6; 202-7

    Hayter, 117-9

    Definition
    Production Functions/ Moses-Model Dicken & Lloyd, 204-6

    Other Resources

    Hoover, Ch.2.6


    WEEK 3:

    JOHNSTON : Neoclassical Economics; Equilibrium; Industrial Geography; Behavioral Geography; Decision-Making; Fordism; Post-Fordism; Flexible Accumulation; Paradigm; Epistemology; Ontology;
    Cost Curve; Demand Curve; Indifference Curves; Distance Decay; Transport Costs, Transport Geography; Mobility; Footloose Industry; Agglomeration; External Economies; Externalities; Economies of Scale; Economies of Scope; Factors of Production; Resource; Energy; Rational Choice Theory; Normative Theory; Satisficing Behaviour; Place Utility; Environmental Perception; Pareto Optimality; Efficiency; Equality; Equity; Spatial Inequality;

    GOODALL: Causal Analysis; ceteris paribus; deduction; induction; model; theory; trade-off; variable;
    Adaption and Adoption; Decision-Making; Footloose Industry;

    The Three Traditions: :

    1. Industrial Location Theory (Wilhelm Launhardt / Alfred Weber)

      JOHNSTON: Weber Model; Locational Triangle; Cost Structure; Cost; Surface Market Orientation; Material Orientation; Isolines; Isodapane; Variable Cost Analysis; Variable Revenue Analysis; Spatial Margin;

      GOODALL: Industrial Location Theory; Isodapane; Localized Material; Market Orientation; Production Function; Range of Tolerance; Spatial Margins; ubiquity; Weber's Theory of Industrial Location; :

    2. Agricultural & Urban Land Use Theory (Thunen/Alonso)

      JOHNSTON: Agricultural Geography; Land Tenure; Von Thuenen Model; Extensive Agriculture; Intensive Agriculture; Alonso-Model; Bid-Rent Curve; Density Gradient; Housing Studies; Second Home; Sectoral Model; Zonal Model; Multiple Nuclei Model; Inner City; Central Business District (CBD); Ghetto; Suburb; Green Belt;

      GOODALL: acre; agricultural geography; agricultural location theory; Alonso Model; bid rent (bid-price) curve; height/density index; common land; the commons; concentric zone theory; crop rotation; economic margins of cultivation; economic rent; highest and best use; intensive agriculture; location rent; Ricardian theory of rent; urban area; urban core; urban field; von Thunen model;

    3. Central Place Theory & Spatial Competition

      JOHNSTON: Central Place Theory; Consumption (Geog of) Retailing (Geog.of); Pricing Policies; Spatial Morlopoly; Public Services (Geog.of); Exit,Voice & Loyalty; Hotelliny Model; Tiebout Model; Medical Geography; Health & Health Care; Education (Geog.of); Leisure (Geog.of);

      GOODALL: Basing-point pricing; central place; central place theory; c.i.f.pricing; consumer, consumer goods; convenience goods; delivered price; demand; demand cone; durable goods; Engel's Law; elasticity (income); elasticity of demand; f.o.b.pricing; hinterland; market area analysis; multipurpose trip; range (inner/outer); threshold; uniform pricing; utility.
      Economic welfare; infrastructure; merit goods; social overhead capital (SOC); social benefits/ costs; social welfare; welfare geography.

    Weekly Resources:
    Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
    3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
    TUESDAY: Spatial Demand Perspectives
    Spatial Demand Function Parr (1970)
    Spatial Competition 251-2 (Hotelling) 345 (Hotelling) Beckmann, 40ff.

    Harrington & Warf, 44ff.

    Spatial Pricing & Price Discrimination Beckmann, 31ff

    Harrington & Warf, 40ff.

    Hoover (Ch.4)
    Central Place Theory 57-9 72-4 Dicken & Lloyd, 15-52

    Stutz, pp.308-32

    Hoover, Ch.8 ("Location of Urban Places")
    THURSDAY: Scale, Scope, Agglomeration & Externalities
    Scale (& Scope) Economies 154-5 199-200 Lloyd & Dicken, 201-4

    Stutz, 277-80 & 363-5

    Externalities, External Economies; Concentration, Agglomeration, Localization Economies and Diseconomies 4 (agglomeration)
    95-6 (core-peri)
    184-5 (external)
    7 (agglomeration)
    115-7 (core-peri)
    250-1 (external)
    458-9(localization)
    Dicken & Lloyd, 207-8 (Weber)
    211-7 (localization)

    Stutz, 279-80 & 365-6

    Harrington & Warf, 32ff.

    Hoover, Ch. 4 and Ch.5
    Norton, R.D., CLUSTER THEORIES (1): SPATIAL EXTERNALITIES Geography of the New Economy. Revised 2000.
    Other Resources


    WEEK 4:

    JOHNSTON: Transactional Analysis; Locational Interdependence; Forms of Economic Integration; Reciprocity; Terms of Trade; Integration; Linkages; Multipliers; Input-Output; Growth Pole; Concentration and Centralization; Decentralization; Counterurbanization; Production Complex; Congestion; Pollution; Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces; Core-Periphery Model;

    GOODALL: agglomeration economies; centrifugal & centripetal forces; concentrated decentralization; concentration and centralization; decentralization; dispersion; economies of massed resources; economies of scale; externalities; external economies; indivisibility; localization economies; primate city; urbanization economies;

    Weekly Resources (* Pre-Class Readings):
    Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
    3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
    Von Thuenen pp.672-3 pp.895-6 Dicken & Lloyd, 52-67 Hoover, OnLine Ch.6
    Residential Location 13-5 (Alonso Model) 20-2 (Alonso Model) Dicken & Lloyd, 67-71

    Stutz, 292-4

    Hoover, Ch.6
    Bid Price Curve
    Externalities, External Economies; Concentration, Agglomeration, Localization Economies and Diseconomies 4 (agglomeration)
    95-6 (core-peri)
    184-5 (external)
    7 (agglomeration)
    115-7 (core-peri)
    250-1 (external)
    458-9(localization)
    Dicken & Lloyd, 207-8 (Weber)
    211-7 (localization)

    Stutz, 279-80 & 365-6

    Harrington & Warf, 32ff.

    Hoover, Ch. 4 and Ch.5
    Norton, R.D., CLUSTER THEORIES (1): SPATIAL EXTERNALITIES Geography of the New Economy. Revised 2000.
    Other Resources


    WEEK 5:

    Weekly Resources (* Pre-Class Readings):
    Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
    3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
    Uncertainty & Decisions Dicken & Lloyd, 209-10 (Hotelling)
    Decision-Making 121-3 151-3 Hayter, Ch.6 & Ch.7 Adaptive Theory
    Hoover Ch.2.2 "OBJECTIVES AND PROCEDURES FOR LOCATION CHOICE"


    WEEK 6:

    Weekly Resources (* Pre-Class Readings):
    Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
    3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
    Hayter, Ch.11


    WEEK 7:


    WEEK 8:

    GOODALL: Bounded Rationality; Certainty; Game Theory; Probability; Uncertainty

    JOHNSTON: Uncertainty; Game Theory; Maximin Criterion; Prisoner's Dilemma;

    Weekly Resources (* Pre-Class Readings):
    Subject Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography, OTHER PAPER READINGS ONLINE READING
    3rd edition, 1994 (pages) 4th edition, 2000 (pages)
    Restructuring 532 710-2 JW Harrington, TJ Barnes, AK Glasmeier, DM Hanink, and DL Rigby

    Economic Geography: Reconceiving "The Economic" and "The Region" (1999)

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    Hayter, Ch.12 ("Corporate Restructuring and Employment Flexibility")
    Hayter, Ch.13 + Ch.15
    Time Geography 624-7 830-3


    WEEK 9:

    JOHNSTON: Daily Urban System; Information City; World City;


    WEEK 10:

    JOHNSTON: Multinational Corporation;


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    1999 [econgeog@u.washington.edu]