Geography 450

Last Quiz: 30 minutes (Select two [only one question from question #3])

1) Using at least three examples from classical location theories you are familiar with, discuss the role and theoretical procedures of what we called in class "intermediate constructs", namely those used in Weberian location theory; in extensions of the Weber model allowing for input substitution; in Alonso's land use theory; or, last but not least, in market area analysis. Name THREE of such constructs and explain them and their role in generating a locational equilibrium.

2) What is the major difference between
(a) the expected value maximization principle (of decision theory) and
(b) the maximin/minimax principle of game theory?
Then select either (a) or (b) and discuss in more detail the advantages and shortcomings of one of these principles when applied to the explanation of location or land use decisions.

3) (a) The distinction between "must" and "wants" has been useful to conceptualize location decision-making processes. In fact (as Roger Hayter points out in his ch.6) it has been so useful that location consultants have used it as one of their tools. Explain.


3) (b) In a few words, suggest and justify an application of the "garbage can model of organizational choice" to an (actual or hypothetical) locational context of your choosing.


3) (c) H.O. Simon's behavioral propositions have become a useful and popular alternative to the excessive demands of "economic man". As a location theorist, do you agree? Discuss.

Final Assignment: (Select two)

1) Explain the "substitution principle" as applied to various location-theoretical setting and demonstrate how it helps to connect spatial and non-spatial variables.

2) It has been frequently suggested that "uncertainty" is at the core of a true "decision". In your own words, discuss
(a) what is generally meant by uncertainty;
(b) various propositions as to how decision-makers respond to (different kinds of) uncertainty; and
(c) how uncertainty may affect the nature and outcomes of location decisions.

3) Make an attempt to link your area of interest in this class (as identified on the membership list) to one or more of the chapters in your text by Roger Hayter by suggesting that the major actors associated with your field (Real estate development companies, Retail corporations, Housing authorities; Major employers) are complex organizations. In order to understand the spatial nature of their behaviors, you may want to suggest that it is necessary to understand some important "internal" facets of such organizations as well as the nature of their external environments.

Please note: