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Geography 450: Review

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This review sheet cannot be "comprehensive" (it would take 10 weeks), but shall remind you of our class' "core concepts" which are closely aligned with the major "learning objectives" of Geography 450. [This table may still be expanded until Friday night, but not thereafter]

The final examination will have up to three parts, namely
  1. Identification of individual concepts (2-3 minutes/points each)
  2. Short answers: Brief interpretations, comparisons or suggestions of relationships between different theoretical concepts. (5-10 minutes/points)
  3. There will not be more than 1 essay (20-30 minutes)

General Online Resources:

Core Concepts Examples of Recommended Review Materials
Equilibrium, Partial equilibrium, Static equilibrium, Long-run versus short-run, Deductive reasoning, Normative model, Economic man model, Optimizing, Substitution; Isoquants; Indifference curves; Johnston et al., Dictionary of Human Geography; Helfgott-paper; Salvatore (micro-economics); Your class notes
Linear transport cost function, Terminal costs, Distance economies in transportation Introductory geography text; Hoover (Online);
Spatial threshold, Range of a good, Spatial demand curve, Distance elasticity of demand, Average cost curve, Spatial price discrimination; Spatial monopoly; Hotelling's spatial duopoly model; 207 text (such as Lloyd & Dicken, pp.18ff.); Your class notes; Salvatore; Hoover (Online);
Thunen's rent functions, margin of land use, intensity of land use, land-intensive economic activity, Alonso's bid rent function, Indifference curves involving utility substitutions and quantity of land, 207 text books; Alonso's Location and Land Use (OUGL Reserve); 207 text (such as Dicken & Lloyd, pp.61ff.) Your class notes; Hoover (Online); Krumme's various land-use related Webpages;
Locational triangle, Ubiquitous materials, Weightloss ratio, Material index, Isodapanes, Critical isodapanes, Space-cost curve, Spatial margins of profitability; Spatial iso-outlay lines (Moses) 207 text (e.g. Dicken & Lloyd, pp.85-104; 201-207); Hoover (Online); Weber; Leon Moses & Substitution;
Economies of scale, Economies of agglomeration; Economies of localization; Economies of scope, Diversification, 207-text (e.g. Dicken & Lloyd, pp.207ff); Hoover (online); Agglomeration & Localization
Uncertainty (Remember that I corrected the definition of "uncertainty" in Johnston), Game theory, Wald criterion, Expected value maximization principle (using probabilities [how?]), Decision tree, Bayesian probability model (Our "Saturn" example), Need to incorporate secondary/subsequent adjustment decisions into original location decision (in response to specific risks inherent in the use of 'expected values'). Handout; Other handouts; Class notes
Location factors versus Location conditions, Turbulent environment, Environmental complexity, A.Pred's "Behavioral Matrix", Bounded rationality, Satisficing, Adaptive theory, Behavioral Propositions, Garbage can model, Flexibility versus Adaptability (It was suggested in class that the two terms can and have been used for different types of adjustment ability), Sequential decision-making, Hayter (various chapters); Dicken & Loyd, pp. 281-5; Adaptive approaches
Organization, Organizational views of location questions, Locational shifts, Multi-plant corporations, Corporate linkage patterns, Corporate growth patterns, Strategic alliances, Joint ventures, Transaction cost approach; Relationships between multinational firms and host countries Hayter (various chapters); 207 text (e.g. Dicken & Lloyd, pp.301ff.); Handout

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