Urban Economic Geography


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Super Cities of the 21st Century, Madrid, May 2-5, 1999 [Conway, Atlanta]

"Meet municipal leaders and business executives from around the world. Super Cities of the 21st Century focuses global attention on opportunities for investment among the select cities that will attract global enterprises because they have strongly supportive governments as well as world-class social, cultural and business amenities."

Internet Sites:

Super-Cities Conference, Madrid 1999

National Science Foundation Urban Research

Definitions of Metropolitan Area (Census) Concepts

U.S.Department of Housing and Urban Development

Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research: [Sheffield Hallam University]

Urban Communications Technology:

World Cities []

"GaWC World City Commentaries are short features on individual world cities intended for a wide audience which have appeared in newspapers or other media."

NASA's View of Selected Cities World-Wide

Chicago Census Maps

Urban Sprawl (Sierra Club)



International City/County Management Organization [the professional and educational organization representing appointed managers and administrators in local governments throughout the world]


Land Use Theory

The Great Cities of the Future From The Futurist magazine, June-July 1999; by McKinley Conway

URBAN STUDIES (Journal) Special REVIEW ISSUE: COMPETITIVE CITIES Volume 36 Numbers 5/6 May 1999 [Competitive Cities: Introduction to the Review William F.Lever and Ivan Turok PAGE 791]

Three-Dimensional City

Adams, C.D. (1994) Urban Planning and the Development Process, (UCL Press, London).

Ambrose, P. (1994) Urban Process and Power, (Routledge, London).

Anas, Alex, The Costs and Benefits of Fragmented Metropolitan Governance and the New Regionalist Policies 1999 (with bibliography)

Anas, Alex et al., Urban Spatial Structure, Journal of Economic Literature, 36(3), September 1998, pp.1426ff.

Andrusz, Gregory et al., eds., Cities After Socialism: Urban and Regional Change and Conflict in Post-Socialist Societies. Blackwell 1996. [HT119.C564.1996]

Arnott, Richard, ed., Regional and urban economics. Amsterdam, The Netherlands : Harwood, c1996. 2 v. (xvii, 1223 p.) : ill. ; 23 cm. "The monographs in this encyclopedia were first published in the Fundamentals of pure and applied economics series, volumes 5, 10, 11, 22, 26, 31, 47 and 51"--T.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references and index. Urban-economics. Regional-economics. [Suzzallo General Stacks HT321 .R43 1996 v.1; HT321 .R43 1996 v.2]

Baumol, William, Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: The Anatomy of Urban Crisis, American Economic Review 62, 1967, pp.415-26.

Van den Berg, Leo et al., Urban Tourism: Performance and Strategies in Eight European Cities. Aldershot, U.K.: Avebury /Ashgate, 1995. [Abstract in JEL, June 1996, p.887]

Bertuglia, C.S. et al., eds., Urban Dynamics: Designing an Integrated Model. Routledge, London, 1990. [HT321.U2914]

Birkin, Mark, "An Extended Comprehensive Model of the Urban Economy," in: Luc Anselin and Moss Madden, eds., New Directions in Regional Analysis. Belhaven 1990. [HT 391.N47]

Blakely, Edward J and Mary Gail Snyder. Fortress America : gated and walled communities in the United States [Cambridge, MA] : Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1995. [AUP General Stacks HN59.2 .B55 1995]

Bogart, William T. The economics of cities and suburbs. Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, c1998. xvii, 366 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Urban-economics. Regional-economics. Metropolitan-areas -- Economic-aspects -- United-States. Suburbs -- Economic-aspects -- United-States. [Architecture General Stacks HT321 .B66 1998]

Borchert, John R., "Futures of American Cities," in: in: John Fraser Hart, ed., Our Changing Cities. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, pp.218ff. [HT123 O87/1991]


Cadwallader, Martin. Urban Geography: An Analytical Introduction. Prentice Hall 1996.

Colby, C.C. "Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces in Urban Geography," Annals, Assoc. of American Geographers vol.23, 1932, pp.1-20.

Erickson, Rodney. Multinucleation in Metropolitan Economies, Annals (AAG), 76 (1986), 331-46.

LeGates, Richard T. and Frederic Stout, The City Reader. Routledge 1996 {paperback, $24.95}

Garreau, J. (1991) Edge City : Life on the New Frontier, New York : Doubleday.

Garreau, Joel The Future of Edge City. N.Y.: Doubleday, 1991. [EastsideWeek]

"Over the past 20 years, Americans living and working on the Eastside have helped create the biggest revolution in seven generations in the shaping of cities that are the capstones, cornerstones, and sometimes millstones of our civilization. Enormous job centers bloomed in Bellevue and the Overlake area in what seemed like the blink of an eye...."

Geyer, Hermanus. Expanding the Theoretical Foundation of Differential Urbanization. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 1996, 87(1), p. 44.

The concept of differential urbanization conceptually links the processes of urbanization, polarization reversal, and counterurbanization across the development spectrum in the First and Third Worlds.

Giuliano, G. and K.A.Small, Subcenters in the Los Angeles Region, Regional Science and Urban Economics. 21(2), 1991, 163-82.

Gordon, P. and H.W. Richardson (1996) "Beyond polycentricity : The dispersed metropolis, Los Angeles, 1970-1990," Journal of the American Planning Association, 63(1), 95-106.

Gordon, P. and H.W. Richardson (1997) "Are compact cities a desirable planning goal ?", Journal of the American Planning Association, 63(1), 95-106.

Gottmann, Jean. Megalopolis: The Urbanized Northeastern Seaboard of the United States. New York: 20th Century Fund, 1961.

Graham, Stephen and Simon Marvin Telecommunications and The City: Electronic Spaces, Urban Places [Published in 1996 by Routledge, London and New York 234mmx156mm ; 456 pages; 23 boxed extracts; 60 figures; 9 b/w plates Paperback ISBN 0 415 11903 0 £15.99/$22.95 Hardback ISBN 0-415 11902 2 £50.00]

"Telecommunications and the City" provides the first critical and state-of-the-art review of the relations between telecommunications and all aspects of city development and management. The book provides a bench-mark text in the burgeoning debates about technological change and the future of cities.

Hall, Peter, Cities in Civilization. N.Y.: Pantheon Books, 1998. [HT111.H345 1998 /AUP General Stacks]

"Hall's thesis is that innovation in art, science, industry, and just about everything else usually originates in cities and does so in concentrated bursts that seldom last more than a generation or two. ... he provides richly detailed case studies of such moments. His examples range from sites of artistic and intellectual ferment like classical Athens and 1920s Berlin to business and technology pioneers like Manchester in the 1770s and Silicon Valley in the 1950s,..." [Review]

Hansen, Niles, "Are Very Large Cities Successful? Searching for Dynamic Externalties Versus Evidence from Population Movements," International Regional Science Review, 24(3), July 2001, 344-59 [William Alonso Issues]

Harding, A., Dawson, J., Evans, R. and Parkinson, M. (eds) (1994) European Cities Towards 2000: Profiles, Policies and Prospects, (Manchester UP, Manchester).

Harvey, David. "The Urban Face of Capitalism," in: in: John Fraser Hart, ed., Our Changing Cities. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, pp.50ff. [HT123 O87/1991]

Herbert, D.T. and C.J.Thomas, Cities in Space: City as Place. Barnes and Noble 1990. [GF125.H46]

Herbert, David T. CITIES IN SPACE : CITY AS PLACE / DAVID T. HERBERT AND COLIN J. THOMAS. New York : Wiley, 1997. [LOCATION = Tacoma Branch Campus.]

Hoover, Edgar M. and Raymond Vernon. Anatomy of a Metropolis: The Changing Distribution of People and Jobs Within the New York Metropolitan Region. N.Y.: Doubleday/ Anchor Books 1959/1962.

Hoyt, Homer., "Types of Maps Useful in the Analysis of City Structure and Growth," in:FHA, The Structure and Growth of Residential Neighborhoods in american Cities. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1939, pp. 139-30. Reprinted in Mayer & Kohn, Readings in Urban Geography.

Hoyt, Homer. Shopping Centers (1958)

Hurd, R.M., Principles of City Land Values. 3rd ed. New York: Record and Guide, 1911.

Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities NYT Book Review, November 5, 1961 By LLOYD RODWIN ["Neighbors Are Needed"]

To brighten neighborhoods, "unslum" slums and reweave housing projects into the fabric of the city, Mrs. Jacobs proposes that we do most of the things urban experts tell us not to do: attract mixed activities which will generate active cross-use of land; cut the length of blocks; mingle buildings of varying size, type and condition; and encourage dense concentrations of people....

Kain, J. (1968) "Housing segregation, negro employment and metropolitan decentralization," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82, 175-197.

Kain, J. (1994) "The spatial mismatch hypothesis : three decades later," Housing Policy Debate, 3, 371-462.

Knaap, G.J. (1985) "The price effects of urban growth boundaries in metropolitan Portland, Oregon", Land Economics 61(1), 26-35.

Knaap, G.J. and A. C. Nelson (1988) "The effects of regional land use control in Oregon : A theoretical and empirical review", The Review of Regional Studies 18(2) :37-46.

Knaap, G.J. and A. C. Nelson (1992) The Regulated Landscape: Lessons on State Land Use Planning from Oregon, Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Knox, Paul L. The Restless Urban Landscape. Prentice Hall 1993 [HT151.R427]

Knox, Paul L., Urbanization: An Introduction to Urban Geography. Prentice Hall 1994.

Knox, Paul. Urban Social Geography: An Introduction. 3rd edition, N.Y.: Wiley. (1995 or 1996)

Knox, Paul L. and Peter J. Taylor, eds., World cities in a world-system. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995 [Suzzallo/Allen Stacks HT330 .M37 1995]

Lang, Robert (Fannie Mae Foundation). Office Sprawl: The Evolving Geography of Office Space. Brookings Inst. October 2000

Suburbs now contain the majority of office space in many of the country's top metropolitan office markets, according to this survey. Before 1980, central cities dominated the office market...

Lawless, P. and Dabinett, G., "Urban Regeneration and Transport Investment: A Research Agenda," Environment and Planning A, 27(7), July 1995, pp.1029-48.

Leven, Charles, "Distance, Space and the Organization of Urban Life," Urban Studies 28(3), 1991, 319-25.

Light, Ivan and Carolyn Rosenstein, Race, Ethnicity, and Entrepreneurship in Urban America. Aldine de Gruyter 1995. {Pb $23.95}

Levy, John M., Contemporary Urban Planning. Prentice Hall (2nd edition), 1991.

MARSHALL, Alfred. Principles of Economics. 1890; 8th ed. London: MacMillan & Co. 1920/ reprint 1959. [330.lM35/SUZ&UGL]

Mayo, S.K. (1998) "Land prices, land markets and the broader economy," in Land Lines : Newsletter of the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, March, 4-5.

McDonald, J. and P.J. Prather (1994) "Suburban employment centers : The case of Chicago," Urban Studies, 31(2), 201-218.

McMillen, D.P. and J.F.McDonald (1998) "Suburban subcenters and employment density in metropolitan Chicago," Journal of Urban Economics, 43(2), 157-180.

Mesyanzhinov, Dmitry. Suburbanization of Office Space: A Case Study of Houston, Texas [1997 Dissertation directed by Prof. Gregory Veeck Pages in dissertation, 252. Words in abstract, 333.]

"Since the 1950s, the service sector of the U.S. economy has experienced remarkable growth. Significantly, new jobs in business and professional services and in similar information-processing occupations required new workplaces. Consequently, thousands of office complexes were built in American cities. Displaying a clean break with the past trend, the majority of the new office complexes were constructed in suburban locations, outside the CBDs of most major cities."

Mieszkowski, P. and E.S. Mills (1993) "The causes of metropolitan suburbanization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7(3), 135-147.

Mills, Edwin S. and Luan Sende Lubuele, "Inner Cities", Journ of Econ Lit 35(2), June 1997, 727-756. [Review Paper]

Mills, E.S. and B. Hamilton (1994) Urban Economics. 5th edition, Harper-Collins.

Mills, Edwin S. and Bruce W. Hamilton. Urban Economics. 4th ed., 1989.

Moe, R. and C. Wilkie (1997) Changing Places : Rebuilding Community in the Age of Sprawl. New York, NY : Henry Holt and Co. Inc.

Morrill, Richard L., "Myths about Metropolis," in: John Fraser Hart, ed., Our Changing Cities. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, pp.1ff. [HT123 O87/1991]

Morrill, Richard L., A Expansion of the Urban Fringe, A simulation experiment: Papers, Regional Science Association , 14, 1966

Moses, Leon and Harold F. Williamson, Jr., The Location of Economic Activity in Cities, AER 57(2), 1967, 211-22. [Paper (JSTOR)]

Nunn, Samuel and Joseph B. Rubleske "Webbed" Cities and Development of the National Information Highway: The Creation of World Wide Web Sites by City Governments

"For interconnected businesses, governments, and households, the Internet represents an electronic frontier in which vast quantities of information now reside. A popular setting for disseminating information in cyberspace is the World Wide Web, a part of the Internet that facilitates communication among its users."

Pacione, Michael, ed., The City: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences. Routledge 2001.

Content Details

Park, Robert E. and Ernest W. Burgess, The City. University of Chicago Press 1925 (5th impression 1968).

Redfern P.A., A new look at gentrification: Gentrification and domestic technologies ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING A, 29 (7): 1275-1296 JUL 1997

...takes "issue with ... a basic consensus in gentrification studies (which) have been conducted within a context framed by two basic models of urban development, namely the Burgess concentric-zone model and the Alonso bid-rent model. These two models lie at the heart of ... the 'supply-side' rent-gap account of gentrification offered by Neil Smith and his followers and the 'demand-side' consumption-oriented explanations offered by David Ley and his followers. Both sets of explanations are, however, fatally compromised by seeking to answer the question 'why does gentrification occur?' before answering the question 'how does gentrification occur?'."

Roseman, Curtis C., et al., eds., Ethnicity: Geographic Perspectives on Ethnic Change in Modern Cities. Rowman & Littlefield. 1995

Rusk, D. (1993) Cities without Suburbs, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rusk, David. Cities Without Suburbs. 2nd ed., Special Studies. Washington D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press (distributed by Johns Hopkins Univ.Press) 1995 (US$ 13.95, paper) [Abstract in JEL, June 1996, p.937]

Sallez, Alain. Urban Dynamics: An Econometric and Qualitative Analysis for France. Revue d'Economie Regionale et Urbaine, 1995, 5, p. 825.

The study of European and French data on cities performance had allowed us to identify a number of factors explaining urban dynamics for the last 15 years: higher education, unemployment, population growth, accessibility, diversification, proportion of ingeneers and executives to households and services to industry. The synthetic index that best characterise the dynamic of the major cities in France has been constructed on the basis of growth and unemployment variables.

Scott, Allen J., Metropolis: From the Division of Labor to Urban Form. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press 1988.

Sharpe, THE GOVERNMENT OF WORLD CITIES : THE FUTURE OF THE METRO MODEL / EDITED BY L.J. SHARPE; Chichester, England ; New York : J. Wiley, c1994; Suzz/Allen Stacks; Tacoma Stacks [JS241 .G68 1994]

Shen-Q., Spatial technologies, accessibility, and the social construction of urban space. Computers-Environment-and-Urban-Systems. 1998; 22(5): 447-464. Location: Engineering Periodicals -- Shelved by title: Computers environment and urban systems -- Call number: HT166 .C582

Accessibility is both an important concept, and a powerful indicator... of the impact of spatial technologies, i.e. transportation, communication, and information technologies. However, virtually all existing measures of intra-metropolitan accessibility incorporate only transportation without considering other means of spatial interaction... accessibility measure that takes into account... travel and telecommuting. A case study of employment accessibility in Boston .. indicates that advances in spatial technologies may generate the dual effect of locational equalization and socio-spatial polarization. ... low-income workers will very likely find themselves in a more and more disadvantaged position.

Snyder, Ken and Lori Bird, "Paying the Costs of Sprawl: Using Fair-Share Costing to Control Sprawl," Online, December 1998.

Suarez, Ray. The Old Neighborhood: What We Lost In The Great Suburban Migration, 1966-1999. (The Free Press, 1999, $25).

Flight to the suburbs left scars on America ; Seattle Times, May 10, 1999 by Marc Ramirez ["Do you remember the old days? The days when cities like Detroit and Cleveland and Philadelphia were bustling, when we all shared the same dreams, when all of us were in it together? ... "]

Thompson, Wilbur. A Preface to Urban Economics. Resources for the Future, Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1965/68.

Thompson, Wilbur R., The Economic Base of Urban Problems, in: Neil W. Chamberlain, ed., Contemporary Economic Issues. Irwin, Homewood, Ill. 1969.

Tiebout, C. (1956) "A Pure Theory of Local Public Expenditure," Journal of Political Economy 64, 416-424.

Vernon, Raymond. Metropolis 1985. (New York Metropolitan Region Study). Garden City, N.Y. (Anchor Books), 1960/1963.

Wheeler, James O. The Urban Circulation Noose. Duxbury Press, 1974.

Yinger, J. (1995) Closed Doors, Opportunities Lost : The Continuing Costs of Housing Discrimination. New York : Russel Sage Foundation.

Zipf, George Kingsley. "The P1P2/D Hypothesis: On the Intercity Movement of Persons," American Sociological Review, II(December 1946), 677-686.

Zipf, G.K. National Unity and Disunity (Bloomington: Principia Press, 1941) [Rank-size rule]

Haight Ashbury's Place in History

American Planning Association (1997) Growing Smart Legislative Guidebook: Model Statutes for Planning and Management of Change, Phase I interim edition, Chicago, IL: APA.

Cervero, R. and K-L, Wu (1997) "Polycentrism, commuting and residential location in the San Fransisco Bay Area, 1980-1990," Environment and Planning A, 29(5), 865-886.

Downs, A. (1994) New Visions for Metropolitan America, Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution and Cambridge, Mass. : The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Dunphy, R. (1997) Moving Beyond Gridlock : Traffic and Development. Washington, D.C. : The Urban Land Institute.

Ewing, R. (1997) "Is Los Angeles-style sprawl desirable?," Journal of the American Planning Association, 107-126.

Hoyt, S. and M.L. Rath (1999) New York State Assembly Memorandum in Support of Legislation.

Judd, D. and T. Swanstrom (1994) City Politics: Private Power & Public Policy. New York, N.Y. : Harper Collins.

Kunstler, J. Home from Nowhere: Remaking of Everyday World for the 21st Century. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Rusk, D. (1993) Cities without Suburbs, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rusk, D. (1993) Cities without Suburbs, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press.

National Association of Home Builders (1997) "Urban growth plans headed for a tumble", Nation's Building News, November 24.

Orfield, M. (1997) Metropolitics : A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability, Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution and Cambridge, Mass. : The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Preston, J. (1998) "Battling sprawl, states buy land for open space," The New York Times, June 9.


Largest Metropolitan Areas (World-Wide)

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