1995 Midterm for Geography 350

Midterm 1996

Instructions: You have 45 minutes (3x15) + 5 Minutes preparation time. Please read the whole test before starting to write and select questions so as to be able to reveal the depth of your understanding and avoid repetition. Select one question from each of the categories A, B, and C. All three answers will carry equal weight.

A Select one question or topic:

(1) Using the attached table of Nonagricultural Workers, identify some general patterns of employment composition and/or employment change in the data for the Seattle-Bellevue-Everett PMSA. Would you have expected these patterns? Why or why not? Do you find them interesting or significant? Why or why not?

(2) In your own words, explain the difference between the "differential effect" (sometimes also called "regional" or "local-factor" effect) and the "composition effect" (sometimes also called "structural" or "proportional" effect) in Shift and Share Analysis and what the two effects have to do with regional economic growth or change.

B Select one question or topic:

(1) Are basic activities really more basic or important for a local economy than non-basic activities?

Why or why not?

(2) In what ways is an analysis of linkage structures in an economy more profound than an analysis of a compositional structure? Does your answer still hold true when we are discussing the analysis of changes in linkage or compositional structures? Please, do not hesitate to give examples in your argumentation.

(3) What is the value of an analytical tool focusing on "exports", if you can manipulate the relative importance of exports by changing the size of the region or the length of the time horizons? In other words, for the world as a whole, there are no exports and for sufficiently long periods of time, there may be little which is truly "exogenous"; thus, what is the value of the economic base approach?

C Select one question or topic:

(1) Explain the "conceptual framework" which is underlying your 350-Project or which is emerging "as we speak".

(2) Establish the (or some) conceptual links between your Project interests and the field of Economic Geography as you understand it at this time.

(3) Establish the (or some) conceptual links between the geographic elements of your project and your major (program) in the Social Sciences as you have it conceptualized at this stage in your career.

(4) You may feel that this examination has not covered class materials in a balanced way. Here is your chance: Formulate a question of your choice which will enable you to show the true depth of your understanding of some content(s) or concern(s) of this class. You will be graded on the basis of the quality of both, the question and the answer.

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