Please answer 4 (four) equally weighted questions, one from each section. For your selection of a question (where you have some choice) but also for all of your answers, please keep in mind that I am looking for both depth and breadth. Thus, please go beyond the confines of your project and provide some evidence that you have covered a broad cross-section of readings and have gained insights beyond those associated with your project. That includes the need to refer to concepts covered in class whenever appropriate, to explain those concepts, and to be explicit as to the relevance of those concepts to your argument. Feel free to relegate any needed definition or explanation to a footnote if you do not want to disrupt the flow of your writing.
I. Select one:
(1) Assess the significance of the Engel's Law (or Engel's Curve) for our understanding of the regional economy, either from a public policy- or a marketing strategy perspective.
(2) The regional employment or income multiplier could be interpreted as a simplified expression of the workings of the local economy at a point in time. (a) Explain this statement; (b) explain why you may expect changes in the multiplier over time; (c) why would you expect variations in the size of the multiplier between different regions; and (d) if the multiplier reflects regional interdependencies at a point in time, how can the "short-run" multiplier be different from the "long-run" multiplier?
(3) Parts of our analysis in Geog.350 were focused on the use of the "region" as a spatially undifferentiated "container". Develop an overview of the different ways by which we might be able to inject "space" into (macro) regional-economic and market area analyses.
II. Literature Review
A major objective of our class was to learn how to appreciate the need for conceptualization and "appropriate differentiation" in pursuit of our attempts to understand the workings of small regional economies. In what ways have Tiebout & Lane (in their paper "The Local Service Sector in Relation to Economic Growth") contributed to this class objective?
Much of our project work was designed to familiarize ourselves (through a multitude of sources) with the conceptual theoretical, factual and analytical facets of your project area.
Given that a hypothesis can be defined as an expectational/ conjectural statement as to the relationships between two or more variables,
(or in Goodall's terms, as "a proposition or postulate which is yet unproven but which is tentatively accepted in order to test its accord with facts or relationships to be determined. A hypothesis specifies the direction and strength of the relationship between two or more variables and is amenable to empirical testing....)
try to formulate a hypothesis which you feel represents both your core interests as well as the objectives of this class. Please also explain how you arrived at this hypothesis, i.e. why you expect to find whatever you expect to find if you would be able to test your hypothesis.
Another objective of our class was to gain an appreciation for the need to trace linkages and interdependencies and therefore to connect models (which deal only with a limited subset of such linkages) to each other and thereby create larger models. In this spirit, you are asked to suggest a connection between an input-output model and a land use model. Using our Holukuluku model (tables attached), and assuming that you want to trace the impact of an expected doubling in output of sector 5 (from 5 to 10 million) on the residential real estate market, suggest how you would go about establishing and calculating such impacts, what kind of additional data you would need and what assumptions you would have to make in order to make good use of our (which?) Holukuluku tables? In your argument, make use of some calculations of coefficients which demonstrate that you have understood the basics of input-output analysis (similar to the calculations which we suggested in class).
BONUS (10 points maximum): Briefly account for, explain and evaluate the use of the INTERNET (no, not UWIN) for your project during this past quarter. If your answer is that you have not used it, please explain why not. If you intend to "blame" me for your Internet abstinence, please be explicit: What could I have done (in addition to whatever I did incl. handing out the 1001 guides and pamphlets in class and spending time with you in front of the screens) to get you started with a technology which no doubt will become more important in the very near future?
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G.Krumme, June 1995 [email@example.com]