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Appointments for Reviews (Post Mortem)
Question about "Notebook"
Make-Up Midterm Quiz
Messages related to Case Study Proposal
How to cite Web sites in your project write-up
Location Quotients & Home Pages for Project
Fifth & Last Midterm Quiz
Office Hours of Helpers
Group Assignments & Memberships
Date: Sun, 30 Mar 1997 22:29:40 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
To: Economic Geography Subject: Geog 207 / Post Mortem Spring Greeting! Geography 207 is officially behind us. Yet, to be faithful to our basic tenets, learning is continuous and, as you are well aware, we have barely "scratched the surface" in these past much too short 10 weeks. Thus, is there life after 207? First of all, those of you unhappy with your course grade, contact me, find out what happened, challenge the grade, ask for a reexamination, whatever... Second, PLEASE, do NOT come during this coming (too hectic) first week of the quarter to collect your finals... unless it is urgent. During the second week (and thereafter), make an appointment at the familiar site &/or by E-mail. I would like to discuss your project with you and get your suggestions for 207's future. You may also ask for a break-down (composition) of your grade by E-mail if you do not have the time to drop by personally. Third, I am sure you are aware what an incredible and probably unique Web effort you accomplished collectively and individually during this past quarter. Thus, I hope you keep working on your site and keep it connected. If you leave the "U" soon, I hope you take your site to a new provider and let me know your new address so that you can stay connected. If that is not possible, you may want to consider giving me permission to transfer your 207 project into a special subdirectory in econgeog. Remember, you are a life-long member of the 207-club.... Fourth, should you be interested in making use of your present and future HTML skills for volunteer- and non-profit purposes, let me know. Professors, students, the Seattle Community Network and many community organizations are needing help at all skill levels for creating new and maintaining old Web sites. If you want to get 499 (directed research) or 496 (intership) credit for the academic dimensions of such volunteer work, let's discuss it... Some propaganda: Consider following up your 207 ideas in the much smaller Geography 350 (Local Economic Analysis, T/Th 4:30-6:50, Spring & Fall) or Geography 498 (Undergraduate Workshop in Internet Geography, W, 2:30-5:20, Fall) See you around, drop by & have a good quarter. Gunter Krumme
On Mon, 17 Mar 1997, ABC wrote: > Professor Krumme, I was not able to access the 207 homepage from the home > all weekend. The error message said there was not socket connection. I > would like a brief explanation of when and why a region would have import > substitution and I need a little explanation of the "Garbage Can Model". > It was mentioned briefly in my notes, but if you could give me a little > more understanding of what it is I would greatly appreciate it. > Thank you for your time. Date: Mon, 17 Mar 1997 08:20:28 -0800 (PST) From: Gunter Krumme
Subject: Re: two clarifications 1. Import substitution as a process refers to situations where "regions" (economic activities within regions or new firms coming from the outside) take up the production of goods or services which formerly have been imported, but, for whatever reasons, now can be viably produced within. (e.g. as a result of population (demand or labor supply) increases) 1a. as a strategy: attempt to utilize underused capacities or reduce unemployment locally by increasing multipliers... 2. "Garbage Can" Model: was a short-cut reference to "ambiguous behaviors", i.e.explanations/interpretations of behaviors which at least appear to contradict classical theory. Was greatly influenced by the realization that extreme cases of aggregate uncertainty in decision environments would trigger behavioral responses (e.g." acting first, thinking later") which, at least from a distance, appear "irrational" or at least not in compliance with the total rationality of "economic man." The specific "Garbage Can Model" I referred to in class was originally formulated in the context of the operation of universities and their many seeming inter-departmental communications problems..... 3. Yes, I am aware of the computer problems we all faced yesterday! That is (real) life! G.K.
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 1997 10:15:45 -0800 (PST) On Thu, 13 Mar 1997, XYZ wrote: > Prof. Krumme, > > How extensive can our "notes" be for the final? Could I include past > exam notes from your web page in my notebook, or would that not be > acceptable? I have never taken an "open notebook" exam before so need > some guidance as to what is and is not acceptable. > Thank you, > From: Economic Geography
Subject: Re: Final exam Your notebook is your notebook. No special edition is needed for the finals. You may put in there and organize materials (class notes, clippings, xeroxed excerpts (no complete papers or book chapters, please!) etc.) in a way which suits your needs. G.K.
Last Rites: This Coming Monday
Last Minute Message related to Web sites (March 8, 1997)
March 4th 1997 Message: Case Study & Presentation
Date: Tue, 4 Mar 1997 20:03:54 -0800 (PST) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: project evaluation... I don't feel that graphics should be included as part of the project evaluations for web pages. While its great that they are their, we never had any handouts on how the download these and I think that learning how to set up a web page is enough of a challenge in itself. [I agree! gk] Maybe graphics could be added in as extra credit points at the end. [How do the rest of you feel about this for the peer evaluation? For my final evaluation, graphics which do not contribute to the argument of the concentration or case study might be "nice" but will not count; general organization and design, however, will! GK] One last question that I just want to clarify, even if we are making a web page, do we need to print out a hard copy of our research paper? [Answer: No!] Thanks,
On Mon, 3 Mar 1997, ABC wrote: > What can we expect to see on the makeup midterm this Friday? > Thanks, Date: Mon, 3 Mar 1997 20:18:58 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
Subject: Re: makeup midterm ABC: Good you ask. I need to be thinking about that. (i) It will be covering the whole quarter (= "comprehensive"), since everybody is making-up a different part of the quarter. Fair? (ii) It will be either in exactly the same, well-known format, or in a "compromise" format, i.e. there would be six questions for 5 minutes/points each; they would be slightly more involved than the definitions, but less complex than the essays (we will have essays again in the final). Please ask on Wednesday so that I can announce it to the class. G.K.
On Thu, 20 Feb 1997, XYZ wrote: > Prof. Krumme, > Does research for a case study have to be from our local region of > Washington?
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 1997 08:02:05 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
Subject: Re: Case Study Of course not. This is not a class on EG of Washington. However, as a matter of research convenience, case studies often come from around here. Since all of us make the general points and ask general questions first before we jump into our case studies, this provincialism is not all that bad.... G.K.
On Thu, 20 Feb 1997, ABC wrote: > Prof. Krumme. This is ABC I met you ... to discuss my > case study. I was wondering, instead of doing a case study on ...., > I was wondering what you thought of this, > "GTE's influence on the telemarketing of the city of Everett." > now is this case study still too broad? > Could you reply and help me out! > > Thank You Date: Thu, 20 Feb 1997 08:40:02 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
Subject: Re: Geog. 207 ABC: If you think that you can develop a link between your Utopianism-Futurism concentration and this "case study" then "go for it". You have to be the judge whether you can develop (one or more of) the point(s) and plans you made in your concentration write-up through this suggested case study. How can it be too broad if you only answer one specific question? Narrowing down your set of questions from your concentration to one (or a few highly interrelated) question(s) and attaching it/them to a "case study", is a major part of the project's objectives. Hope this helps you along. G.K.
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 1997 21:27:59 -0800 (PST) To: Economic Geography
Subject: Geog. 207 Greetings: A couple of things.... (1) Some of you have asked me "what I want" for the proposal on Friday. My answer has generally been: (a) follow the guidelines for this proposal (One-Page (300 words)) (b) since this project is hopefully something you enjoy doing, I trust that you want create as good and useful a final product as possible. Thus, you want to communicate with your group (maybe the class) and me what it is you are planning to do. The better this information, the better the feedback is likely to be. While you have to request this feedback (it may not come automatically), it is useful to have a concise document to respond to. What is also extremely helpful is to be able to understand your plans in the context of your resources (literature etc.) you have used already in shaping your plans. Thus, do not hesitate at all to share your references to your sources. I also suggest that this proposal may well become a good basis for the introduction to your eventual case study. Write is early and get that part out of the way! Quite a number of you are interested in studying the location or locational strategies associated with retail or other locations. If this becomes a "prescriptive" piece, i.e. if you formulate it as a strategy you feel you yourself or other businessmen should follow, it is likely that you are really writing a "business plan" or a "consulting plan". Thus, you might be well advised to follow the business plan suggestions contained in the Web site: http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/207/projectlong.html#business or: http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/207/projectlong.html#consulting (3) There is a new message from the bookstore regarding Jones & Simmons (The Retail Environment) in the massage file (The book has finally arrived). [See next message] G.K.
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 1997 09:56:44 -0800 (PST) From: University Book Store
Subject: RETAIL ENVIRONMENT I wanted to let you know that five copies of RETAIL ENVIRONMENT by Jones arrived on February 14 and are on the shelf in General Books in the Marketing section. Let me know if you'd rather see it in another section. My apologies for the delay! Regards, Mark Mouser
(Feb 14, 1997)
Q.: ..I also had a question from lecture on wednesday. q:Does time come into > play with the diagram? In that a family deciding where to live might > decide to live close to a certain school or neighborhood when the > children are young but as time goes along the desires or wants change as > well. So does time come into play? > > [Response: Yes, of course. We decide for our individualized models how to weigh the "frictions of space". That is what I meant when I suggested that equal distances may require different amounts of time AND that for different individuals (incl. children) a given amount of time may have a different significance or "value".]
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 1997 10:37:29 -0800 (PST) To: Economic Geography
Subject: Questions (fwd) I have a question on "Forms of Economic Integration", redistribution, reciprocity and market exchange. I read the definitions in Johnson, but still cannot put them into context. Could you give examples for each please. Response: I don't have Johnston's Dictionary handy, but let me try to clarify: Examples: Market Exchange: Wall Street, Pike Place Market, 7/11 store exchanges of milk and $$$ Reciprocity: Babysitting clubs with a formal credit system; "chipping in" to do household chores (with vague promises to get some supper in return); doing your share in your project group (some edit the English, others are better with computers) Redistribution: Grandparents paying for the education of grandchildren (formal intergenerational transfers) Governments paying for welfare and collecting taxes (based on income-levels based on principles of equity and social responsibility) Social Security System (largely a formal intergenerational transfer system) Another reference: de Souza, A Geog. of World Economy, pp.213-15. Hope this helps. GK
Date: Wed, 5 Feb 1997 10:59:44 -0800 (PST) From: Anne Zald
Subject: Question from Geog207
Also look here (Krumme's Electronic Survival Guide) || How to evaluate & cite sources on the Internet || How to cite (refer to) sources on the Internet and elsewhere
A student contacted me asking how to cite web pages. This is such a good question that I thought I'd share this title with you and perhaps by extension with the rest of the class. UW Libraries Catalog Wed Feb 05 10:59:12 1997 Document 1 Author: Li, Xia, 1964-. Title: Electronic styles : a handbook for citing electronic information / Xia Li and Nancy B. Crane. Edition: 2nd ed. Pub. Info.: Medford, N.J. : Information Today, 1996. Phy Descript: 213 p. Notes: Rev. ed. of Electronic style. c1993. Includes bibliographical references. LC Subject: Citation-of-electronic-information-sources. Other Author: Crane, Nancy. Li, Xia, 1964-. Other Title: Electronic style. Status: Business Admin Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY East Asia Library of Congress PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES Fisheries-Oceanography Reserve PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES 2 HOUR RESERVE Forest Resources Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY Government Pub Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY Natural Sciences Reference Books PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY Suzzallo Reference Ready Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY Undergraduate Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY UW-Bothell Lib. Writing Materials PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY UW-Tacoma Lib. Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY Anne E. Zald email@example.com Geography/UWired Librarian 206/616-1541
Date: Feb.4, 2:45 p.m. Subject: Goodall!!! Our prayers have been answered. Goodall is now available. ($15.99) (I saw three piles of copies with my own eyes) G.K.
Date: Mon, 3 Feb 1997 20:58:25 -0800 (PST) To: Economic Geography
Subject: Geog.207 Lab Post-Mortem Greetings: I hope you still have something nice to say about location quotients and data. Honestly, the L.Q. was the simplest "tool" I could find ... And remember, this is primarily a lab exercise with an emphasis on a logical and numerically correct use of the location quotient and on some attempt to interpret the result. The purpose of the exercise was NOT to support any definitive research for your project... that would be premature. However, I hope you are getting a general "feel" for the data difficulties associated with your concentration/case-study. I also want to encourage as many of you as possible to present your concentration on your Web site, now that you have one. Without wanting to interfere with your group- decision-making, I could imagine that it would be possible for some to present on the Internet while others still prefer paper, even within the same group (at least I will not have anything against receiving mixed packages). Our helpers and I will stand by to show you how to move your word-processed concentration-write-up and resource page etc. to your Web site. Remember, you do NOT need HTML to do that. A simple copy-and-paste job will do. Find our office hours on Wednesday (before & after class) & Thursday ( all in the Geography Collaboratory, 415 Smith) in the helpers' page or the class messages page. Finally: I was asked whether you actually have to look at the readings or resources which you are citing in your Resource Page. Not only is the answer an emphatic "Yes!", but I also expect that you use at least one or two of the items as citations in your text and properly refer to them. The two pages represent a (very) short but formal paper requiring all the academic niceties you can think of. ;-) G.K.
Date: Sat, 1 Feb 1997 14:26:22 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
Subject: Re: Makeup quiz On Fri, 31 Jan 1997, ABC wrote: > Is the makeup quiz at the end of the quarter for students who haven't > done well on a quiz, or is it for students who missed a quiz? Answer: Both! gk
Our "helpers" will have computer and Internet skills-related "office hours" in the (Geography) Collaboratory (Back-Room to the left) (with the Monday exception) during the following times: Bruce Carr Mo 12:00-1pm. (OUGL-Collaboratory) Wayne Brewer Tu 1:30 I won't be available next week on Wednesday @ 2:30. However, I will make myself avialable at the collaboratory on Tuesday @ 1:30 for any students who feel they may need help. Heidi Piper Wed, 10:30-11:30 (Geog-Collab) Bruce Carr Wed 11:30-12:30 (Geog-Collab) Jesse Arnold Thu 12:00 - 1pm (Geog-Collab) Heidi Piper: Fri 12:30 -1:00 (Geog-Collab) I can also help out during these times (except Thursday) as well as during my office hours. Just come to my office and fetch me if needed.
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 1997 18:19:42 -0800 (PST) From: Gunter Krumme
Subject: Re: help-clarification On Wed, 22 Jan 1997, John Doe wrote: > Hi, > I am having trouble with the graph and explanation of tapering transport > costs on pg. 79-80. I struggled through graph 5.6a, but 5.6b I cannot > decipher. It is trying to show the relationship between transport cost and > market-source proximity, but Im not getting it. Are assembly costs, the > cost of assembling the product or the cost of transporting product from > the> source? > Thanks, Response: The horizontal dimension in these graphs (5.B and 5.C depict alternative locations of a plant having to bring raw materials to the plant ("assembly") and transporting finished products to the market ("Distribution"). If the ultimate location is close to the Material Source, the distribution costs will be high; on the other hand, if it is at or close to the market, then the assembly costs will be high. For intermediate locations, you have to add distribution and assembly costs. As a result of the tapering, intermediate locations are relatively expensive ( = high aggregate transport costs) since both tapering processes have not yet had a chance to yield long-distance savings. We have two relatively short hauls with (almost) no long-distance benefits. Thanks for the question. I'll add Q&A to the message file for the class (without your name). G.K.
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 1997 20:59:34 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
Cc: Anne Zald , "Bruce W. Carr" Subject: Geog207 / Project Groups: Tentative Assignments Greetings: I want to move the project assignment process forward. On the basis of the interests you expressed on the project sheets as well as the Lab sheet from last Monday, I have formed tentative groups. You will notice that several groups have been withdrawn or merged. Group "10" has been split. See whether the concentration you are thinking about (or are already working on) fits into the group I assigned you to or not. If not, or if in doubt, send me an E-mail note. Some further juggling may be necessary... Also, if you feel some affinity with a second group, that may become the basis for some collaboration or a "strategic alliance" between your group and this second group. Please, do not hesitate to contact each other within groups already by E-mail. Somebody needs to take some initiative... I'll stand by for questions.... G.K. P.S. I hope I have not made too many mistakes in transcribing and interpreting your interests or leaving you out entirely. Please be patient and tolerant with me. Everything can be fixed. gk
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 1997 14:00:03 -0800 (PST) To: "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Subject: Project Dear Prof. Krumme, Would it be possible to look at previous class projects? I know this has helped me in the past to get a better idea of what is expected. I realize as I write this that you may already have examples on the web page, so I will look there next. Date: Sat, 18 Jan 1997 19:40:23 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography Subject: Re: Project Have a look at this page: http://weber.u.washington.edu/~wbrewer/GEOG207/project.html from last year. There may still be one or more other pages from that environmental group (Eric Berg ?). Look under: http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/207/studentpages.html Unfortunately, some other good pages from last year's class have disappeared already. You can reach more or less all studentpages out of my homepage under "Student Project Pages". Hope this helps. [However, I should state that last year's particular contexts do not necessarily coincide with this year's "expectations" for groups or particular students]. G.K.
Date: Sat, 11 Jan 1997 19:07:56 -0800 (PST) From: Economic Geography
To: Economic Geography Subject: Geog.207: Test & Request Greetings: This first E-mail test message is sent to all who were in class on Friday and/or sent already questions or first messages to me. I'll have my work cut out with completing the mailing list..... For those of you still planning to send the first message before class on Monday, and for all of you in the future, I have one request: Please use my class email address (see above) whenever your message has anything to do with Geog207: email@example.com. This will save me a lot of time... Thanks. See you Monday in the OUGL-UWIRED Collaboratory. Gunter Krumme