Select 5 (five) from the following 7 items/individuals (3 points each) for "two-sentence answers". First, please identify the term's conceptual meaning or one of the person's conceptual contributions. In a second sentence, please suggest why this concept(ualization) may be relevant or how it may be used in Economic Geography. (Use the back of this page if needed)
(1) Law of diminishing returns
(2) Torsten Hägerstrand
(4) Agglomeration Economies (as different from "regions of agglomeration")
(5) Johann-Heinrich von Thünen
Please respond to one of the following questions with an at least paragraph-long statement : (You may use the back of this page for your anwer; please write legibly)
(1) Linear transport cost functions are wonderfully simple and elegant components of location models and yield relatively unambiguous results. Yet we know that the frictions of space are not that simple. Present and briefly explain a few of the factors or forces which would call for a non-linear (curvi-linear) approach to dealing with transport costs in situations where transport costs are still important location determinants.
(2) Healey & Ilbery, Ch. 6 ("The Technology Context") Some of you have suggested that this chapter badly needs an update. In light of our concerns in this class (as you understand them) , suggest some extensions or additions to this chapter. Since, "in the short run", this book cannot be totally rewritten, you need to refer to specific parts and concepts of the chapter which you feel need this attention most urgently.
(3) The concept of "Externalities" refers to a rather amorphous (vague) and diverse group of spillover effects which both influence and result from man's locational behaviors. Please introduce some dimensions which could help to differentiate these phenomena and/or identify distinctions which already have been made in the literature or in class.
(4) Land-Use: "Intensive greenhouse-farming is part of the relatively extensive farming sector which, however, tends to be a very land-intensive type of economic activity." Confusing? Bring some order to the conceptual use of the terms "intensive" and "extensive".
Check Goodall under "intensive" and "extensive" agriculture (p.239 + 164)