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Open and Closed Regions

faculty.washington.edu/krumme/207/development/openregion.html


			CLOSED REGION/CLOSURE	OPEN REGION/OPENNESS


"Real World" Transport- & Telecommunications, What contributes Communications Cost Trade; FDI; Migration to openness and Isolation; Open boundaries; relative closure Protection Complementarity Large region Small region (ceteris paribus) Import substitution Export promotion
The New Dictionary "Reengineering" "Outsourcing" of modern "Buzz Words" "Downsizing"("-scoping) "Strategic Alliances" (corporate anorexia) "Export Platform" "Restructuring "Portability" "Rightsizing" "Offshore assembly" "Flexible Production "faxing", "ftping" Complex"

ANALYSIS, TSH (Structural Change) Export (Base) Multiplier MODELS Feedback Models "Microsoft-Model" requiring closure International Trade Regional Resource Theory: Endowment (Ricardo, Heckscher-Ohlin, Land Use Models Product-Cycles etc.)
Policy Trade Protection, Export Promotion Autarky, etc. Free Trade Areas Import Substitution Free flow of labor & Export Substitution Domestic Content rules Immigration Restrictions
Advantages Self-Reliance, Access of Ideas, Independenc, Information, Technology; Predictability Scale Economies Stability Diversity of products
Disadvantages Parochialism "export of jobs" High production costs "imported inflation" Lack of innovation "foreignization" ("Überfremdung") instability dependence


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