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Geog 207 Message Board

NOT NEEDED: Blue Book, just bring your own paper.

Finals (Last Rites)

This is a draft of the instructions you will be given tomorrow. I am publishing them today due to a number of questions I have received.

This final in-class test has two parts. The first part consisting of four short answers is "closed-book". (= 20 minutes) The second part consists of two essays (20 minutes each; you may use your notebook, but not the text or any other book) You have additional 5 minutes for the preparation of each part.

Please note:

  1. Try to organize your thoughts carefully before starting to write.
  2. Should you detect overlap and redundancy among the questions, try to avoid them in your answers. Every piece of wisdom will count only once.
  3. I can grade only what I can readily read. Thus please write legibly.
  4. Examples are welcome tools for illustrating difficult conceptual points. Keep them brief and make sure that you have at least tried first to make yourself understood without examples, i.e. give examples for something which you have spelled out first. "Examples DO NOT speak for themselves"!

PART I (Closed Books, hand in by 11:00): Select four questions (5 minutes or points each): (You should have enough time to be explicit and to write your answers in complete sentences).

PART II (Open-Notebook; hand in by 11:45): Select two essay topics; (20 minutes or points each):

You may want to bring something to drink to our meeting on Thursday. It is supposed to get rather hot... (Not my doing!)

Official Finals: 10:30-12:20 p.m. Thursday, Jun. 13, 2002

Two Parts:
  1. Closed Books (4 Questions / 20 Minutes)
  2. Open Notebook (2 Questions / 40 Minutes)

Geog 207 Message Board

On Tue, 4 Jun 2002, you wrote:

> I was wondering about revising the class introduction.  I know at the
beginning of the quarter you wanted us to talk about our past experiences
with geography & our expectations for the class.  But now that we're using
it as an introduction to our portfolio, do you still want that information
included?    >

Date: Tue, 4 Jun 2002 21:26:54 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: introduction page question

	I might suggest that you leave that part in as part of the
introduction, maybe give it an appropriate new subheading. Feel free to
edit it if you think that is needed. This is a portfolio, not a narrowly
targeted and tightly packaged project. Some personal background and
context still make a lot of sense.

Geog 207 Message Board

Networking Night for Huskies will take place on Tuesday, June 25th from 4 - 7 p.m. in the Mary Gates Hall Commons. At this event, current UW students, brand new graduates and other alumni will all have an opportunity to network with alumni, staff and friends of the University who have volunteered to share about their career experiences and offer suggestions about next career steps.

Geog 207 Message Board

On Fri, 31 May 2002, one of you wrote: Professor Krumme,>

> I was looking at the website at the presentations and I have a question
> for you about them.  On the website it states that the presentations can
> be done on a presentation poster board.  But in class I remember that you
> said that we could put our portfolio together with a binder.  If we put
> all of our papers into a binder is that good enough for our presentation
> of our portfolio?  Or do we need to do that along with doing a
> presentation on a poster board?  I am a little confused about this, so if
> you could clear it up for me that would be great.>> Thank you,>

Date: Fri, 31 May 2002 16:58:35 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: final presentations

	Basically all forms of presentation are potential options,
including posters, videos etc. Since the written work is part of the
presentation, only the Web and paper (in an organized fashion) lend
themselves to that. (However, paper has the distinct disadvantage that you
cannot link your sources to it conveniently. Otherwise, a well-done
paper-portfolio should be competitive with online ones). Hope this answers
your question.						

P.S. Please make copies of everything you turn in. Posters will not be 
turned in but evaluated in the classroom. Powerpoint slides are hopefully 
also on your Website. If they are not, please submit a duplicated disk.
The core part of your Portfolio, namely the written assignments, need to 
be either on the Web or be submitted a second time, now in revised and 
typed form, stapled together or in a thin folder, NOT in a ringbinder. 

On Sat, 1 Jun 2002, you wrote:> Professor Krumme- > I just have a question regarding our portfolios. The template you made up for us has a subheading I am confused about. So I know the "my discussion statement" is supposed to be a conclusion summing up our portfolio including an outline of our research, contributions in class, and our in-class and on-line discussion contributions. I also know that in the "discussion statement" we are supposed to touch on how we integrated 207 material/thoughts and ideas into the individual assignments. I am unsure, however, about he "my discussion group" part of the portfolio. In this part of the portfolio are we supposed to identify our discussion group, why we're in it, and our statements made within the group? Thanks. > Sincerely,> Date: Sat, 1 Jun 2002 23:52:54 -0700 (PDT) From: Economic Geography Subject: Re: 207 porfolio: Don't take the categories too seriously. They are part of the template, not explicitly of the class requirements. The group & collaboration component has become an
"optional opportunity", like many others... Having said that, if you feel your study- (or community-) group has worked well, why not give me some feedback .... GK

Geog 207 Message Board

The famous Template for members' Directory has been expanded to include the file myorg.html. In some cases it may be appropriate to download the template again, especially if you have problems with the links and the tags.

Geog 207 Message Board

On Mon, 27 May 2002, you  wrote:
> I finished the homework for this week. It can be found at
> Out of curiosity, I'm wondering how my grade is. I ask this because you
> don't provide any feedback to the homework, and I'm also unsure how
> resubmittals of quizes affect my grade.

Date: Mon, 27 May 2002 15:24:04 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Feedback

	Thanks. What do you mean by not providing "any feedback"? Just ask
those in the class who asked for it! :) You may get more than you like.
(But: first come first served).

	The assignments are part&parcel of the final Portfolio and will be
graded as such. Individual members have been notified when there were
fatal problems with their assignments. Otherwise, I expect members to
follow the guidelines, read (or listen) to my generalized responses or ask
questions (by Email) about all or specific assignments. The components of
the final Portfolio are listed here:

I had another look at your individual assignments, incl. the last (which
still needs to be connected to your Directory). You have
followed instructions very well, have selected your assignment foci around
a tight topic and are on your way to an "A" for your Portfolio. My only 
specific reservation is that some of your assignments still need headings 
and your resource page seems to need a second tier of subheadings.
Please have a look at the final instructions for the Portfolio 
and Presentation.

Resubmitted quizzes will count as part of "participation".						

Geog 207 Message Board

Time Geography -- Is it Art?

Geog 207 Message Board

I would very much appreciate if those of you who received significant and useful help (class content or Web- or presentation related) from specific other members in the class would "report" them (with a brief description of the nature of the help). 5th-Hour credit should be given where credit is due.

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Tue, 21 May 2002 23:47:35 -0700
Subject: Agglomeration economies

Professor Krumme-

I was wrong about agglomeration economies in my midterm essay. They are benefits, savings, or cost reductions resulting from the clustering of activities. As for scale economies, I learned from Stutz that "external scale economies represent two forms of agglomeration economies: (1) localization, or industry economies and (2) urbanization ecnomies." The first refers to the declining average costs for firms which result as the output of the industry they are in increases. The second refers to the declining average costs that firms experience as cities increase their scales of activity.

So, now I understand that agglomeration economies are the savings in costs resulting from the clustering of activites, and not the clustering of activites themselves. Sorry it took me so long to understand this.

Geog 207 Message Board

On Mon, 20 May 2002, you wrote:

> You have a message up for those who missed the may 16th class to submit
the arrow linkages activity. Was this supposed to be turned in? I
attended the entire class but dont recall it being turned in.
> Thanks for the clarification


Date: Mon, 20 May 2002 12:23:51 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: May 16th Class

        No, it should be turned in only by those who missed the class;
just to be sure that they are "with us" when we continue the discussion.

Geog 207 Message Board

May 21: Quiz #4 [One 10-Minute Essay-Type Statement based on Week 7 Classes and on (up-to & including) Week 7 Readings]

Geog 207 Message Board

Materials for May 16, 2002
We discussed three major topics on Thursday (yes, the day when many of you had something better to do than come to class and did not bother sending me an Email).

  1. What factors influence the optimal height of skyscrapers? (Questions of urban and rural intensities of land use; the law of diminishing returns) (Some Resources);

  2. The Urban Economic Base: Selected Economic Interdependence Structures;

    If you missed the class, or left early, and you want to exonerate yourself at least partially, here is what you can do for yourself: Submit the exercise which you find on this page and which in part covers our class discussions: Click here!

  3. (Beginning of) Discussion of Theme #4 (Stay tuned!)


  • Presentation of Portfolio During Week #10 (Coming soon: Stay tuned to this frequency!)

Geog 207 Message Board

Some Early Feedback for the Resource Pages (Paper & Electronic)

  1. As of 3pm (Wed May 15), there are still a few Resource Pages missing! Unless I received an Email from you, they are now overdue (but, of course, remain due for residual credit). No credit can be given, if your submission has an address which is not accessible via the membership list. If you have sent me an Email with an alternative URL that is fine for the time being. However, please change the name of the file to resources.html and post it to your 207 subdirectory (a.s.a.p.).

  2. Needed Improvements (a.s.a.p.):
    1. Titles like "Resource Page", "Citations" are NOT sufficient. You have a (specific!) focus or topic which you targeted with your resources. We need that! There are a few without names or even minimal topics.
    2. Two-tiered subheadings (i.e. two layers of subheadings) remain required. Such organizational subheadings should make a numbering of resources unnecessary (I can count to twenty)!
    3. All Internet references submitted on your Webpage need to be connected (clickable!).
    4. 4 or 8 references will not count as having met the deadline; 15 or more (with at least some annotations) will. Please complete the assignment a.s.a.p.
    5. Paper submissions with more than 3 Internet references (URLs) have to be posted on the Webpage with tags a.s.a.p.

  3. What I liked in a few pages was an identification of the resources which were actually consulted/read/retrieved.

  4. Once you have received initial credit for on-time posting and basic requirements, the Resource Page can be improved and expanded until Week 10. Final grading will commence on Friday, June 7th, after 5pm.

  5. More to come....

Geog 207 Message Board

On Sun, 12 May 2002, you wrote:> Professor Krumme,

> I've finished my resource page, and I am once again struggling to try 
and post my assignment on the web.  I e-mailed you regarding the location 
quotient assignment, and you said that it was fine to turn in a hard copy 
of that assignment.  I am wondering if you are okay with me handing in a 
copy of my resource page assignment.....I will continue to try and get it 
posted but doubt it will happen easily or any time soon
			> Sincerely,>

Date: Mon, 13 May 2002 07:34:25 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 

	If you are "struggling", what keeps you from progressing? What is
the bottleneck? How can I (or others in the class) help explaining it?

	The urgency to publish your resource page on the Web depends very
much on whether you are listing Internet resources (which can't be clicked
from paper).							

How to create (hyper)links in your resource page

Geog 207 Message Board

You wrote:

> I was also wondering if I can add more to my introduction and location
> quotient.  I did several calculation for my LQ but i only submitted one.
> Finally, I went to some HTML crash course through the SACG and I was
> wondering if I can turn my introduction into a sub Webpage about myself.
> Or I can do something about Econ Geog and make a Webpage for it for my
> fifth hour activity.

Date: Mon, 13 May 2002 07:46:11 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Webpage Improvements

Yes, as I mentioned in class many times, you are encouraged to consider
all of your assignments as "drafts" and "under construction", i.e. to
improve and correct them during the remainder of the quarter. That is the
advantage of having your own Webpage!

The same applies to your introduction which should become the introduction
to your "Portfolio", should be confined to your academic interests and
pursuits and should be listed in your 207 directory. Do not hesitate to
link a personal page to this introduction, but DO NOT make your personal
page part of Geography 207.						

Geog 207 Message Board

May 10, 2002: Kudos (Compliments) go to:

  1. Chester Knapp who found a rather serious error in his Stutz text on p.265, namely in the location rent formula. "a" should stand for "production cost per unit of product" and NOT: production cost per unit of land. My copy of Stutz shows it correctly, and I suspect that a later printing of the text incorporates (some? all?) corrections. Let's look out for mistakes in Stutz! Chester or I will create a Webpage dedicated to errors in the text. Stay tuned and send in your suspected mistakes (there are extra-credits to be had)!

  2. Tonja Colvin who is in the process of dedicating her Webpage to the issue of "Substitution" in theoretical Economic Geography by creating (to be) hypertextually linked statements related to the subject. Again, stay tuned or venture already a glimpse at her evolving page system (Click!)

Geog 207 Message Board

Feedback on Assignments: (Posted: May 4)

On Sat, 4 May 2002, ABC wrote:

Prof Krumme:

I was wondering when we get our assignments back with a grade? It helps me
to know how well I am doing in the class. Thanks,  

Krumme's Answer:

Date: Sat, 4 May 2002 20:07:47 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: Grades

	All written assignments will become part of your final portfolio
(as announced in class and on  this and 
other Websites) and will be graded as such. Until then, they constitute 
drafts and can be continuously improved. At any time, you can asked for 
general or specific feedback on your performance as well as on individual 
assignments. I will respond to such requests on a "first come, first 
served" basis. I expect that you will respond to my feedback either by 
making appropriate changes or by articulating why you feel that my 
comments are not really useful.

	I assume that you wish to get some feedback, and I will provide 
it a.s.a.p. 

					Thanks for asking. GK

(P.S. I will try to make sure that all obvious and "fatal" errors will be 
communicated to you soon after submission. However, you also have a 
responsibility to read and to respond to generalized comments such as 
those posted for the Book Review {Click!} ) 

Geog 207 Message Board

Midterm Quiz #3 (May 7): Q & A (Click!)

Geog 207 Message Board

>> > Hello Professor Krumme,> >

> > I submitted a hard copy of my Quiz 2 revisions. I'd like to know if I
> > improved my answers or if I'm still missing some important concepts.> 
> > Also, I attended a free HTML workshop Monday and I'm going to post a
> > summary of the experience on my 207 page under "My 5th Hour or Outreach
> > Experience."> >

> > I also plan to participate in an online discussion forum. Is that
> > considered 5th Hour participation and how will you record this?> >
> > Thank you

Yours truly anwered:

Date: Fri, 3 May 2002 22:00:29 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: 207 Quiz 2 rewrite, 5th hour posting

	Your three questions: 

1. Your quiz corrections are (largely) fine.
However, I don't understand what you are trying to say in the very first
sentence of your agglomeration economies answer. As you suggest correctly
in your answer #2, distance is a separate "space-differentiating force"
apart from agglomeration & scale economies and the land-intensity of
activities. No doubt, agglomeration economies are (by definition)
distance dependent, but the emphasis is on the interdependencies and scale
which generate the savings for the businesses involved.

2. Your HTML/Design workshop seemed to have helped you. Consider this your
5th hour. You now seem to be at the appropriate/desirable (but not 
required) level for this class.

3. Discussion contributions are part of the class. You will get
"participation" credit.

Geog 207 Message Board

> On Fri, 3 May 2002, (one of) you wrote:

Prof. Krumme,
> > I'm a little concerned about my grade on the latest quiz. I hate to
bother you with my sob stories, but i'm really competitive when it comes
to grades and hope that i'll have a chance to redeem myself.  I turned a
correction of my quiz and feel like i definitely have a greater
understanding of the material, especially with concern to agglomeration
economies.  If you could let me know what type of steps i can take to
ensure success on the next quiz(Tuesday), i would be grateful. Just an
idea of which types of material to study would be helpful. Thanks again
for your consideration and have a good weekend!

Krumme's response:

Date: Fri, 3 May 2002 22:47:32 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: geog. 207

	Your rewritten quiz was fine and I appreciated the depth you tried
to reach in your answers (i.e. that you went beyond a "word-minimizing
definition". I might argue with your statement that "as transportation
costs become cheaper, the benefits of locating close to each other has
become less significant." I would suggest that you could also defend the
proposition that lower transport costs would permit agglomeration
economies to become a more effective "space-differentiating force". Think
about whether both suggestions might be viable under different conditions/
assumptions (e.g. with different kinds of agglomeration benefits).

QUIZ #3:
[30 Minutes, 1 Essay (15), 3 short answers (5 each)] What to do in preparation for Tuesday's midterm quiz? I might suggest to consider different preparatory stages from passive to active and from less to more conceptual and analytical sophistication: 1. Vocabulary (still with us, whether we like it or not) Resource: Your own glossary; Krumme's or alternative glossary, explanations in Stutz (i.e. try to get "second opinions" or better "alternative formulations" which together are likely to make the concept clearer.) 2. Distinguish between concepts, i.e. contrast or delineate concepts. 3. Relate concepts to each other in view of deriving some principle or theoretical insight. 4. Apply principles to situations, (especially) other than those mentioned in class or text. In terms of the nitty-gritty of preparations: 1. One probably should start with a passive review of terms and required readings. This is the time to get your Notebook into top shape! Organizing your notebook, remembering & looking up conceptual organizing schemes from class, and adding additional content involves activities which tend to stick in your mind... 2. An intermediate step might be to review the examinations of past years (caution: earlier years covered to an extent different content and were organized slightly differently, but you can still learn how questions are formulated, what is this guy looking for, etc.) 3. A more active preparation would involve formulating your own questions... and then locking yourself into a closet and actually answering your questions (then maybe exchanging questions & answers with other class members for corrections and expansions)! I will post this response on the Messages page and add to it over the next few days if I can think of anything else. Let's hope that this helps. GK

Geog 207 Message Board

Check out our NEW Group & Membership List

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Wed, 1 May 2002 10:22:49 -0700 (PDT)
From: ABC

Prof. Krumme
I am in the process of learning how to link my LQ analysis to th proper
directory, but i am having difficulties doing this on my own.  I have
talked to several students for advice and they themselves are not sure on
how to link their documents.
I have completed the assignment and will try to link my assignment later
this afternoon after class.

From Wed May  1 13:17:35 2002
Date: Wed, 1 May 2002 13:16:40 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 

Just be sure that your file name is "lq.html". The link to
has been made already (as part of the template's table of 


Geog 207 Message Board

From Tue Apr 30 16:56:49 2002

On Tue, 30 Apr 2002 someone wrote:

Professor Krumme,
        I have a question regarding the quiz we just got back. You said 
that question 1 and 2 were worth 4 points, and question 3 was worth 2 points 
plus the bonus. Well I had my discussion topic and theme correct on the quiz, 
but was not given any points for them and got 1 bonus point. I realize I 
only got 3 points and that the 2 points you missed would only bring me up 
to 5 points, but it is a better score. Can i bring the quiz back to you 
and have you change the score?
        Also, I try very hard in the class, inside and outside the 
but I do find it difficult to keep up with all the glossary words, about 
50+ each week. I am going to continue to try but I can not guarantee that 
I will be able to remember every single glossary word, especially since I 
have a total of about 200words in 5 weeks. Thank you, xyz


Date: Tue, 30 Apr 2002 16:54:19 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: Geo 207

	Thanks for sharing your thoughts and frustrations(?).
1. I am happy to look at your test again. I did not make copies (as I
often do). So I can't comment right now. My mistakes will be corrected.

2. Yes, I am fully aware that the vocabulary is heavy... but:

a) you always get a choice on tests... thus not every word is needed...

b) you mention 50+ words per week....  I can't believe that... many terms
are coming up twice. That is called "double-counting".

c) the number of new words will be declining sharply to almost zero in
weeks 9 and 10. There is hope! However, we will switch increasingly to
working with those term and to generating theoretical & analytical
insights around the underlying concepts, etc. Thus, it will become 
"easier" only with respect to new terminology. Thinking also can become 

Geog 207 Message Board

QUIZ #2: What is the Deal?
The results of quiz#2 were wide ranging: Out of ten points, they cover a range from no points whatsoever to several students with 11 or 12 points (incl. bonus). Clearly, a relatively large number of students have not yet processed the message that we need to master the fundamentals before proceeding to analytical and critical thinking stages.

Since we are still before the half-way point of the quarter, I am inclined to give you the benefit of my doubts and another chance: Here is the deal:

This last quiz will count only if your score was higher than your average of all remaining in-class, closed-book examinations. That is the score will NOT count if it is lower than your performance from now on... This deal, however, will work for those of you with a point total of 5 or less (out of ten, for the whole test) or 4 or less (out of eight, for the first two parts) only if you produce a "re-write" with two copies, one for me (unless you have done it already) and one for your own notebook, by Thursday of this week! Less formally, you also need to promise to start your own glossary as part of your preparations for the next test (next Tuesday). You can also submit the rewrite online and send me the URL by Email. A deal?

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Mon, 29 Apr 2002 13:53:52 -0700 (PDT)
From: Economic Geography 
Subject: Re: LQ assignment:

On Mon, 29 Apr 2002, ABC wrote:
> Hi Professor Krumme,
I was looking at the example for the location quotient assignment, and 
I'm a bit confused.  According to the formula, it's some kind of
employment(e.g. of a state) divided by population of that state then
divided by the same thing at a larger scale.  But the example was the
employment of transportation equip. manufacturing in Washington divided 
by employment of manufacturing in Washington.  So I guess my question is 
are we comparing employment against population or employment of a specific
scale against the large scale as a whole.
I hope I'm not confussing you with this question, it's hard to explain
through email.  So to simplify it a little, I'm comparing the employment
of food preparation and serving related occupation of the metropolis 
area of New York.  Do I have to compare that to the population of New 
York or to the employment of New York?

GK's Answer:

The example of the slide:
spells out that you either compare the industry share of
total manufacturing employment (or population) in the region with that of 
the nation, OR
you compare the region's share of the total national industry (transport
equipment) with the region's share of all (national) manufacturing
employment or population. The results are obviously the same. Thus you 
need both the component and the total of all activities as well as the 
regional and the total (national) data.

Comparing employment (shares) with population (shares) is permissible, 
since population is generally a good benchmark for economic activities.					
					Does this help?  GK

        Gunter Krumme, Tel. 206-543-9089; Fax: 206-543-3313;;

Geog 207 Message Board

"Agglomeration Economies"? Click!

Geog 207 Message Board

Quiz #2 (posted Sat, April 27, 10pm)
I have looked at most of the #2 Quizzes and am "underwhelmed". A lot more work needs to be done by many of you! To get a start, please have a look at the "answer sheet". The quiz will be returned on Tuesday. For all of you who received 5 or less points (out of 10) or 4 or less (out of 8) on parts 1 and 2, and who have not yet submitted a re-write, such will be mandatory and will be due on Thursday! This re-write should include ALL questions, not just those you selected. What is also important is that you start a glossary a.s.a.p. and simply learn your vocabulary. Thanks!

Geog 207 Message Board

Location Quotient Exercise:

  1. You may find some additional help for the interpretation of your LQ results here: Click!
  2. The online due date has been extended to Wednesday (Noon)
  3. If you have problems finding data, send me an Email. However, you have to identify what exactly you are looking for, where you have searched already and whether you might be willing to settle for other types of data (which?)
  4. You will find the guidelines for this exercise here (also handed out in class).

Geog 207 Message Board

STRUCTURE: We have a first entry in our class competition for the best graph depicting the various meanings of "structure" in economic geography: Click here! (pdf file) Good show and thank you, Erik Earle!

Geog 207 Message Board

A prelimenary review of the topics you selected and the available discussion dates suggests (tentatively) the following realignment of "themes":

  1. Effects of September 11
  2. Costs and Benefits of Information Technologies and the Internet [= Week # 3]
  3. The death of distance and the future of Economic Geography [Week #5]
  4. Do we really need cities, their services and traffic congestions? (the old themes #7&8) [= Week #7]
  5. Social and Environmental Implications of Economic Globalization (the old themes #5&6) [= Week #9]

Please review how well your own interests and specific "topic" fit into this revised scheme of general themes and let me know your response.

Geog 207 Message Board

From Wed Apr 24 16:15:03 2002

From: Richard Roth 
Subject: UGA (fwd)

Undergraduate Geography 
Association(UGA) will be having an informational
meeting tommorrow, April 25, at 11:30am in RM 409 Smith.  All students
interested in finding out what the UGA is and what we are up to are welcome
to attend.

Purpose of the UGA:  to promote a sense of community and identity as
geography undergraduate students, to enhance academic and career
opportunities, and to build a network of support for students interested in

Come by and check us out!

Geog 207 Message Board

Participate: Request and design your group's own discussion for(u)m!
Look on the Password Page (Directory) for details!

Geog 207 Message Board


Some comments: (Additional comments may be posted here as I find time to read more of your reviews)

  • Reviewing your (Stutz) text or a chapter from it is NOT (!) appropriate. The idea was to access new literature and the Library. Those who reviewed Stutz need to write another review!

  • I encouraged you to concentrate your review on one or two chapters and only to skim the remainder. I did not suggest to ignore the remainder. A sentence or two about the book as a whole and a reference to some of the content other than that of your chapter(s) would be appropriate. Otherwise, we should have called this a "Chapter Review".

  • If this selected chapter has absolutely nothing to do with your Discussion Topic (or at least with your "Community"), or you have not mentioned such a link, then you owe it to yourself and your group
    1. either to establish such a link (with an extension of your Review) or
    2. to re-enter the literature in the (sub)field (Theme, Topic) you have identified for yourself and write another review. Remember, all this becomes part of your portfolio, and you want to be able to link your various assignments in the introduction to your portfolio. [This review (similar to the "Introduction") will be graded now as a step toward and, at quarter's end, as part of your ultimate portfolio]

  • If your book is "old", let's say more than 20 years, you may need to justify its selection as a review book in 2002. One would expect that you would be able to make some statements as to how relevant the content still is today and/or how you would (will) be able to find out.

  • Modern Internet "search engines" make it very easy to identify the sources you may have used, especially if they have been used inappropriately. So far, I found one case of flagrant plagiarism. I hope that the student who committted this "NoNo" will voluntarily submit a replacement review of a different book (The earlier one will not count).

  • Try to avoid expressions like:
    1. "the author (or the book) did a great job"
    2. "the book (or chapter) talks about..."; (how do books talk?) this becomes especially painful when the expression is used in sentence after sentence...

  • The book you review should be clearly and fully identified at the top of or below your text this includes author(s) or editor(s), full title, place of publication, name of publisher, and year of publication. Of course, in addition you should mention the author(s) and the title of the book in the text as part of your review.

  • Your review (as anything you are writing) should have a title!

  • Different parts of your review should be contained in different paragraphs. Due to the (short) length of the review, these different parts do not require (but may have!) subheadings. Subheadings are strongly encouraged for all of your future writings in this class; they help a great deal to communicate the structure of your writing to the typical reader who does not have much time (like your instructor).

Geog 207 Message Board

Performance Feedback:
(4/20) All written tests taken in class will (starting with Quiz #2) be returned within a week. Rewrites will generally not be returned. Other assignments (Intro, Review, L.Q. etc.) will become part of your evolving portfolio documentation. Problems with missed due dates, length, format, accessibility, and major missing components will be identified and recorded "just-in-time". Students who would like to receive feedback about specific tasks or their general performance in the class should send an Email to econgeog@u. My responsiveness will be based on available time and "first come, first served".

Geog 207 Message Board

Assignments which have been submitted online have to be accessible. Thus, even if they have been posted on time, they can receive credit as such only if they can be readily reached via the student's name on the Membership List and his/her table of contents ("Directory"). Please check that all the "clicks" actually work! Thanks!

Geog 207 Message Board

QUIZ #2: (posted April 20, 2002; 11:30 a.m.)

All examinations are designed to provide students with an opportunity to check on their progress in this class. Quiz #2 (4th week) is very brief and emphasizes the expected basic understanding of key concepts covered so far in class or the readings. If you have any difficulties with this test (not just the questions you selected), you are expected to do two things, namely:

  1. re-submit the test on Thursday (of 4th week) with (corrected) answers (to all questions you were not able to answer) making sure that you express the answers in YOUR OWN words (i.e. not copy the answer from the text or the glossary). These second submissions will NOT replace your original test but will go a long way towards documenting that you take this class and its learning objectives seriously (The re-submitted results will become part of the "participation" component of your final grade).
  2. improve on your "record-keeping" (your own glossary) of terminology and concepts covered in the readings and in the text.

To prepare yourself for this test it may be best that you start with all the terms and concepts which you have identified as covered either in class or in the required readings (including the readings for week#4). Chances that a particular concept will appear on a test will be greater if this concept has at least been mentioned in class.

It is also highly advisable to study the past tests from this class which you find here. While the content of 207 does not remain the same from year to year, there are many key concepts which have been with us for a while. More importantly, the questions give you an indication of the nature of the tests and the kind of questions which can be formulated on the basis of class objectives and materials at different stages of the quarter.

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Fri, 19 Apr 2002 12:12:03 -0700
Subject: UW Seattle Expands Recycling

This message is being sent to all Faculty, Staff, and Students by, with approval of the Office of the Executive
Vice President.

The UW Recycling Program announces a giant step forward--glass and plastic
container recycling on the Seattle campus.

Beginning April 19, you can recycle plastic and glass bottles in existing
gray bins that were formerly for aluminum cans only.  Signs and
instructions are being placed on the bins, located in hallways, lounges
and other public areas in over 100 buildings on the Seattle campus.

You may recycle all colors of glass bottles and plastic beverage bottles
marked #1 and #2.  Look for the #1 or #2 inside the recycling triangle on the
bottom of plastic bottles.  Do not put broken glass, ceramic cups, mirrors,
sheets of plastic, plastic wrap, trash or other contaminants in the gray

The improved and expanded recycling provides greater convenience for
recyclers, increases the amount of material diverted from landfill, and
lowers the University's solid waste costs.

For more information:
  Or phone 206-685-2811

If you have questions or concerns about this issue, please reply to

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Fri, 5 Apr 2002 09:02:43 -0800 (Pacific Standard Time)
From: Richard Roth 
To: Geography Advising News 
Subject: Fw: internship opportunity (fwd)

Some good advice from Kate Duttro of the Career Center on using the
e-Recruiting webtool, available at the site:

Also, a hot tip for you economic geographers and number cruncher-analyst

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Fri, 5 Apr 2002 08:15:59 -0800
From: K. Duttro 
Subject: Fw: internship opportunity

Some of your students might be interested to know about this, and since
everyone has access to eRecruiting.....
(They can do a simple search in the internships category for statistics, or
Bureau of Labor and Statistics, etc.)

----- Original Message -----
From: "Maureen Crawford" 
Subject: internship opportunity

Hi all:

For those of you working with economics students: the Bureau of Labor and
Statistics just posted a paid summer internship for an economic assistant on

Maureen Crawford, Assistant Director
Center for Career Services
134 Mary Gates Hall, Box 35-2810
Seattle WA 98195-2810
206 543-9109

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Fri, 29 Mar 2002 15:48:43 -0800 (PST)
From: Disabled Student Services 
To: Gunter Krumme 
Subject: Geog 207 A sln 3806


There is a student in your class who, as a result of a disability, needs a
volunteer notetaker.  Unfortunately, Disabled Student Services was unable
to secure a notetaker prior to the beginning of the quarter.  When this
occurs, our next step is to ask the professor to make an announcement in
the class that we are in need of a volunteer notetaker.  Please present
the following announcement for volunteers to your class as soon as
PRIMARY AND AT LEAST ONE ALTERNATE, so feel free to refer two or more
volunteers to our office.

We have found that the manner in which the announcement is presented
directly affects the number of volunteers we receive.  Students are more
likely to volunteer if they have a clear picture of the expectations.  It
is a relatively easy volunteer assignment, as we are only asking for a
photocopy of the notes these students already take for themselves.  PLEASE


Please feel free to refer any students who you think may be good
notetakers directly to our office.  If these efforts are not successful,
the next step is to have a DSS staff person address your class in an
appeal for a notetaker.  In some cases, professors or TA's have provided
copies of lecture notes either in place of a notetaker, or until a
notetaker is found.

We appreciate your assistance in finding a notetaker.  Please feel free to
call if you have any questions.  THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR HELP!

Cristi Abbe Thielman
Counselor Services Coordinator
Disabled Student Services

University of Washington		Phone: (206) 543-8924
Disabled Student Services		Fax:   (206) 616-8379
448 Schmitz Hall			Open:  M-F 8:00am-5:00pm
Box 355839
Seattle, WA 98195-5839

Geog 207 Message Board

Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2002 16:35:37 -0800
From: Bridges Center for Labor Studies 
Subject: Scholarships offered by Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies

Scholarships offered by Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies

Industrial Relations and Research Association Scholarship

The Industrial Relations Research Association (IRRA) is generously funding
an annual $1000 scholarship for students, graduate or undergraduate, who are
committed to pursing a profession in labor and/or labor management
The Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies will be awarding the next award
in fall of 2002. The award will carry a stipend of $1000. Both graduate and
undergraduate students are eligible. Students can nominate themselves, or
faculty can nominate them.
To apply, a student must:  Be registered for the 2002-2003 academic year.
Prepare a 1-3 page statement outlining the planned career in labor
management relations and any preparation already undertaken for this career.
Provide a letter of recommendation from at least one and a maximum of two

Martin and Ann Jugum Scholarship in Labor Studies

The Bridges Center for Labor Studies is currently seeking nominations for
the Jugum awards. We plan to present a one-year full tuition scholarship to
an undergraduate at the annual Center party in fall 2002. Qualifications:
Applicants and nominees must be enrolled in Fall Quarter 2002 and meet the
following additional criteria:  High academic aptitude. A commitment to
labor research or practice. Nomination Process: Either nomination by faculty
or a direct application by the student will be acceptable. Application
Requirements:  A brief written statement by the applicant explaining her or
his commitment to the study of labor or to involvement with the labor
movement. A letter of faculty support. A copy of the student^s transcript.
Deadline for nominations and applications for both scholarships: May 17,


Best Undergraduate Paper in Labor Studies, 2001-2002

Best Graduate Paper in Labor Studies, 2001-2002

Nominations are now open for the best undergraduate and graduate papers
written on a labor-related topic. The papers must have been written during
2001-2002 at one of the University of Washington campuses.
Students may nominate their own papers, or faculty members may nominate
outstanding papers they have read in the course of the year.
Papers may focus on any dimension of United States or international labor,
including class relations, social conditions, working-class culture or
politics, work and gender, work and race/ethnicity, unions, and comparative
labor relations.
Submission deadline is June 7, 2002, but papers can be submitted at any time
prior to the deadline. The winners will be announced by early August. Each
award will carry a prize of $250.  Students must submit two copies of the
paper along with summer and fall address(es) and telephone number(s) of the

More information is also available at:

Send nominations and application materials to: Kristina Anderson, Director,
Bridges Center for Labor Studies, Box 353560.

Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies
University of Washington
Box 353560
Seattle, WA 98195

Geog 207 Message Board

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