On this page I collect together various papers, datasets and software that are related to the analysis of spatial epidemiological data.

- Wakefield, J. (2008). Ecologic studies revisited. To appear
*Annual Review of Public Health*29, 75-90. annrev08.pdf - Wakefield, J. and Haneuse, S. (2008). Overcoming ecological bias using the two-phase study design.
*American Journal of Epidemiology*Published online February 12th, 2008. wakefieldhaneuseAJE.pdf - Haneuse, S. and Wakefield, J. (2008). The combination of ecological and case-control data.
*Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B*, 70, 73-93 haneusewakefieldRSSB.pdf. - Glynn, A., Wakefield, J., Handcock, M. and Richardson, T.S. (2008). Alleviating linear ecological bias and optimal design with subsample data.
*Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A*171, 179-202. glynnetalRSSA.pdf. - Elliott, P., Shaddick, G., Wakefield, J., de Hoogh, C. and Briggs, D.J. (2007). Long-term associations of outdoor air pollution with mortality in Great Britain.
*Thorax*, 62, 1088-1094. thorax2007.pdf - Haneuse, S. and Wakefield, J. (2007). Geographic-based ecological correlation studies using supplemental case-control data. To appear
*Statistics in Medicine*. - Wakefield, J. (2007) Geographical disease risk. To appear
*Encycloperdia of Risk*. - Salway, R. and Wakefield, J. (2007). A hybrid model for reducing ecological bias. To appear in
*Biostatistics*. Paper can be found here. - Haneuse, S., Wakefield, J. and Sheppard, L. (2007). The interpretation of exposure effect estimates in chronic air pollution studies. To appear in
*Statistics in Medicine*. Paper can be found here. - Haneuse, S. and Wakefield, J. (2007). Hierarchical models for combining ecological and case-control data.
*Biometrics*, 63, 128-136. Paper can be found here. - Wakefield, J. (2007). Disease mapping and spatial regression with count data.
*Biostatistics*, 8, 158-183. Paper can be found here. - Gordian, M.E., Haneuse, S. and Wakefield, J. (2006). An investigation of the association between traffic exposure and the diagnosis of asthma.
*Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology*, 16, 49-55. - Wakefield, J. and Shaddick, G. (2006). Health-exposure modelling and the ecological fallacy.
*Biostatistics*, 7, 438-455. Paper can be found here. - Dabney, A. and Wakefield, J.C. (2005). Issues in the mapping of two diseases.
*Statistical Methods in Medical Research*, 14, 83-112. Paper is here. - Salway, R. and Wakefield, J.C. (2005). Sources of bias in ecological studies of non-rare events.
*Environmental and Ecological Statistics*,321-347. Paper can be found here.

- Alaska Data (csv), Alaska Documentation(doc). A fuller description of the data can be found at: Gordian, M.E., Haneuse, S. and Wakefield, J. (2006). An investigation of the association between traffic exposure and the diagnosis of asthma.
- Asthma Data, Data Description, Illustrative analysis.
- Breast Cancer Data, Data Description, Illustrative analysis.
- Breast Cancer and Magnetic Fields Data, Data Description, Illustrative analysis.
- Fertility Data can be found here.
- Lung Cancer in Pennsylvania can be found here.
- Lung Cancer in Washington can be found here.
- Lung Cancer Mortality in Ohio can be found here.
- Pancreatic Cancer can be found here.
- Radon and Lung Cancer can be found here.
- Scottish Lip Cancer WinBUGS code and data here.
- Ecological data from Wakefield (2004). Can be found
here.

- R functions for empirical Bayes (non-spatial) smoothing and drawing Scottish polygons in R. (code)

This web site is under construction, please contact me at

if you have problems accessing or using any of the above.

Last updated: May 30th, 2008.