CHANGING CITIES, ECONOMIES, AND LIVES
by William L. Garrison and Jerry D. Ward
Published by Artech House, 685 Canton Street, Norwood, MA 02062, 315 pps.
[Chapter 9, A New Kind of Minicity, has been posted in full. Comments are invited]
PART I: The Car and Traffic
1. A BIT OF PERSPECTIVE
The window on the world for most people is their car window
2. THE CAR THAT CAN DRIVE ITSELF
But other things have changed very little...
Tip of the iceberg
Hands-off freeway driving
The driver becomes a passenger
New, exclusive highways?
Designing the system: we emulate the human
The end of driving?
The nondriver isn't anymore
The automated car offers more than just automation
It's not just for moving people
Brave new world!
3. CONGESTION: THE DEVIL WE KNOW
Is congestion increasing?
A short story about the suburbs
What congestion is costing us
Just part of the story
4. CONGESTION: WHAT ARE WE DOING ABOUT IT?
The broad prescription for congestion relief
Traffic control and the intelligent transportation system program
Traffic management systems
On-the-roll toll collection
Driver and traveller information systems
Better public transportation
High-occupancy vehicle lanes
Where does all this leave us?
5. CONGESTION: A BETTER STRATEGY?
Freeway Traffic Flow 101: The nature of the phenomenon
A freeway game
So once again--the prescription
What, then, to do?
Off the freeway--surface streets
The waiting line bugaboo
Road pricing, the economists' favorite
The synergy of metering plus pricing
Looking ahead: a summary
Appendix 5A: Variable driver behavior and the highway capacity curve
6. SOME NEW KINDS OF CARS
The commuter car
On a different Track: the neighborhood car
Operations and impact--the commuter car
Operations and impact--the neighborhood car
Part II: The City and Transportation
7. TRANSPORTATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE CITY
The birth of the modern city
The quality of life
8. THE MODERN DILEMMA - WHAT TO DO?
Service in the suburbs--thin, diffuse travel patterns
But once in the car
Where does this leave us?
What, then to do?
About our downtowns?
Transit in Perspective
The road system
9. A NEW KIND OF MINI-CITY (full text is available on-line)
10. THE SECOND-STORY CITY
Let's push the envelope
Revitalize our downtowns?
11. THE VARIEGATED CITY
Cities thrive by variegating
Looking ahead at trends--folk living everywhere
How we live--is everything old new again?
How we work
The variegated city
12. VARIEGATED TRANSPORTATION FOR VARIEGATED CITIES
Electric streetcars and the two-step dance
Public-private roles in how things happen
PART III: Energy and Emissions
13. ENERGY USE AND POLLUTANT EMISSIONS
Transportation energy consumption by mode
Where are we going?
What can we do about it?
Everything we do involves tradeoffs
Higher fuel prices?
The fuel cell and the hydrogen possibility
What, then, to do now?
PART IV: Between Cities: Rail and Other Ground Transportation Systems
14. THE INNOVATION THAT CHANGED THE WORLD: HOW DID IT HAPPEN?
England in 1800--"built out"
The Stockton and Darlington Railway
The recipe for discovery
15. AMERICA AND THE TWO-STEP DANCE
The two-step dance
Creative destruction and the devil we know
The United States in 2000: "Built out"
16. WHERE ARE WE TODAY?
The highway and road system
The air system
The rail system
About freight transportation
But there are problems
It's not hopeless
17. WHERE WOULD WE LIKE TO GO?
Goal #1: lower the costs of small batch shipments
Goal #2: significantly reduce trip time for both passenger and freight
Goal #3: lower costs overall
Other dimensions of performance
Why not TOFC or COFC everywhere?
Minitrains? Individual, self-powered cars?
What does that kind of single vehicle or minitrain capability gain us?
Back to our original problem--getting the trucks off the highway
19. BEYOND RAILROADING: A NEW SYSTEM
Thinking about fixed guideway options
The implications of our desires
There is more to speed than just speed
Networks versus closed circuits: the need for switching
Very high speed: a fly in the ointment?
20. A SUPERSPEED HIGHWAY
The old familiar problem
Fixed guideway or high speed highway?
What do we propose?
21. BIG AND SLOW--BUT CHEAP!
The dance goes on
Why not more blood from those turnips?
With a little help from our friends
PART V: The Air Transportation System
22. TO GRANDMOTHER'S HOUSE WE FLY
Around the airport
The airport system of the future?
23. THE LOS ANGELES AIRPORT SYSTEM - 2020 - 2040 - 2060--A Parable
The tyranny of the seminal decision
The view From 2000
The dilemma of 2000
The hub-and-spoke route structure
The continuing evolution
A zero-sum game?
The Airport Planning Commission of 2020--and what actually happened in the prior 20 years
Improving technology and the sharper sword
The up-shot: what actually happened
The view from 2020 looking forward
The view From 2040?
PART VI: The New Millennium
24. COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORTATION
What's going on?
It takes two to tango
Synergies and impacts: looking around and looking back
About the authors
Last modified: August 06, 2000