Physical and financial barriers to implementing a nature reserve network in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA

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TitlePhysical and financial barriers to implementing a nature reserve network in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsShilling F, Girvetz EH
JournalLandscape and Urban Planning
Volume80
Pagination165-172
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0169-2046
Accession NumberISI:000245144800016
Keywordsconnectivity, conservation planning, DISTURBANCE, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, fragmentation, GIS, HABITAT, reserve design, road impact, road mitigation, subdivision
Abstract

To understand the potential financial cost of acquiring lands within a proposed reserve network for the Sierra Nevada, CA, USA, we used an assessors GIS database to estimate the acquisition cost in one county within the network to be US$ 2.5 billion. When only larger parcels were selected for the reserve network, the cost of the network decreased exponentially as the size-threshold for parcel selection increased, while the total area of the network decreased only linearly. Although acquiring only larger parcels may make sense financially, it does not result in adequate habitat representation because the spatial distribution of parcels is such that the lower elevation oak woodland and mid-elevation conifer forests tend to be on smaller parcels, which fall below the larger size thresholds and the resulting potential reserve areas are fragmented. Then, for the area surrounding the two major highways that cross the Sierra Nevada, we identified seventeen road barrier areas and six urban conflict areas that pose major, but possibly mitigable barriers to wildlife movement at different time scales. We propose that (1) wildlife conflicts with highway traffic could be feasibly mitigated by installing wildlife overcrossings at the identified locations and (2) constraints on development rather than land acquisition are necessary to protect biodiversity. Finally, we suggest that a combination of highway crossings and restrictions on land-use may be the cheapest way to protect biodiversity in the Sierra Nevada. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Short TitleLandsc. Urban Plan.
Alternate JournalLandsc. Urban Plan.

Additional uncaught exception thrown while handling exception.

Original

PDOException: SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: 1062 Duplicate entry '10891405' for key 'PRIMARY': INSERT INTO {accesslog} (title, path, url, hostname, uid, sid, timer, timestamp) VALUES (:db_insert_placeholder_0, :db_insert_placeholder_1, :db_insert_placeholder_2, :db_insert_placeholder_3, :db_insert_placeholder_4, :db_insert_placeholder_5, :db_insert_placeholder_6, :db_insert_placeholder_7); Array ( [:db_insert_placeholder_0] => Physical and financial barriers to implementing a nature reserve network in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA [:db_insert_placeholder_1] => node/18 [:db_insert_placeholder_2] => [:db_insert_placeholder_3] => 54.196.215.114 [:db_insert_placeholder_4] => 0 [:db_insert_placeholder_5] => JOFC6TQ2gQftcI0Zq4n08hZXMMzVOcd2PNMjNbKv96k [:db_insert_placeholder_6] => 393 [:db_insert_placeholder_7] => 1398417444 ) in statistics_exit() (line 93 of /nfs/bronfs/uwfs/hw00/d11/girvetz/drupal/modules/statistics/statistics.module).

Additional

PDOException: SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: 1062 Duplicate entry '8938970' for key 'PRIMARY': INSERT INTO {watchdog} (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (:db_insert_placeholder_0, :db_insert_placeholder_1, :db_insert_placeholder_2, :db_insert_placeholder_3, :db_insert_placeholder_4, :db_insert_placeholder_5, :db_insert_placeholder_6, :db_insert_placeholder_7, :db_insert_placeholder_8, :db_insert_placeholder_9); Array ( [:db_insert_placeholder_0] => 0 [:db_insert_placeholder_1] => php [:db_insert_placeholder_2] => %type: !message in %function (line %line of %file). [:db_insert_placeholder_3] => a:6:{s:5:"%type";s:12:"PDOException";s:8:"!message";s:920:"SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: 1062 Duplicate entry '10891405' for key 'PRIMARY': INSERT INTO {accesslog} (title, path, url, hostname, uid, sid, timer, timestamp) VALUES (:db_insert_placeholder_0, :db_insert_placeholder_1, :db_insert_placeholder_2, :db_insert_placeholder_3, :db_insert_placeholder_4, :db_insert_placeholder_5, :db_insert_placeholder_6, :db_insert_placeholder_7); Array ( [:db_insert_placeholder_0] => Physical and financial barriers to implementing a nature reserve network in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA [:db_insert_placeholder_1] => node/18 [:db_insert_placeholder_2] => [:db_insert_placeholder_3] => 54.196.215.114 [:db_insert_placeholder_4] => 0 [:db_insert_placeholder_5] => JOFC6TQ2gQftcI0Zq4n08hZXMMzVOcd2PNMjNbKv96k [:db_insert_placeholder_6] => 393 [:db_insert_placeholder_7] => 1398417444 ) ";s:9:"%function";s:17:"statistics_exit()";s:5:"%file";s:77:"/nfs/bronfs/uwfs/hw00/d11/girvetz/drupal/modules/statistics/statistics.module";s:5:"%line";i:93;s:14:"severity_level";i:3;} [:db_insert_placeholder_4] => 3 [:db_insert_placeholder_5] => [:db_insert_placeholder_6] => http://faculty.washington.edu/girvetz/drupal/node/18 [:db_insert_placeholder_7] => [:db_insert_placeholder_8] => 54.196.215.114 [:db_insert_placeholder_9] => 1398417445 ) in dblog_watchdog() (line 154 of /nfs/bronfs/uwfs/hw00/d11/girvetz/drupal/modules/dblog/dblog.module).