I. Türks, Hephthalites, Tibetans, the T'ang, Byzantium, the Sogdians and the Arabs--chaos or recognizable patterns of Inner Asian politics?
A. The Türk empires and their relations with Sassanians and Byzantium (560s)--the importance of controlling trade routes.
B. Division of the Türk state (beg. 580s), encouraged by growing Chinese engagement--divide and conquer.
C. Xuanzang visits W. Türk emperor T'ung yabghu (630); Turks under T'ang control.
D. Khazars astride W. end of the Silk Road.
E. Second Türk Empire (690s-); Bilgä Kaghan (d. 734) laments Chinese influence.
F. The Tibetan Empire in 2nd half of 8th c.1. Control over E. Turkestan, Kansu and Szechwan; influence S. of Himalaya.
2. Dunhuang under Tibetans 787-851.
3. The growing importance of Tibetan (Tantric) Buddhism.
II. Uighurs: a study in nomadic-sedentary relations.
A. The rise and fall of the Uighurs (744-840).1. Successors to the Türk Empire; the idea of divine right to empire.B. Society and culture and how they changed.
2. Saving the T'ang during the An Lu-shan rebellion (755-763); Mou-yü kaghan and the peak of Uighur power.
3. Extorting from the T'ang; battling the Tibetans.
4. Tamim ibn-Bahr visits the Uighurs.
5. Re-constituting the Uighur state.1. Trade and urban influences.a. Parallels to the history of relations between the Xiongnu and China.2. Religions.
b. Cities/settlements under Uighur control in the Turfan region: Qocho, Kara-Khoja, Yar-Khoto, Bezeklik.a. Manichaeism and the Sogdians: parallels to Judaism and the Radhanites in the Khazar state?
III. Islam arrives in the Tarim Basin
A. Samanids and Karakhanids.
B. The first Turkic Islamic intellectuals: Mahmud Kashgari and Yusuf Hass-Hajib.
C. Islamization of the Uighurs.