High-Latitude Springtime Photochemistry Part II: Sensitivity Studies of Ozone Production
John A. Herring1, Daniel A. Jaffe1*, Harald J. Beine1, Sasha Madronich2, and Donald. R. Blake3
1. Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, 903 N. Koyukuk Dr., Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-7320.
2. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado
3. Department of Chemistry, University of California Irvine, Irvine California
Accepted for publication in the Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Abstract. A seven year record of surface ozone measurements from Denali National Park, Alaska shows a persistent spring maximum. These data, combined with measurements of NOX, hydrocarbons, O3, and PAN from a continental site in Alaska during the spring of 1995 [Beine et al., 1997, this volume] are used as the basis for a sensitivity study to explore tropospheric photochemistry in this region. Because of the relatively high concentrations of NOX (mean of 116, median of 91 pptv), the net tendency was for photochemical ozone production. The range of net O3 production for average conditions measured at this site during spring is between 0.96 - 3.9 ppbv/day depending on the assumptions used; in any case, this production must contribute to the observed springtime maximum in O3. Model calculations showed that of the anthropogenic ozone precursors, only NOX had a strong effect on the rate of ozone production; the measured concentrations of anthropogenic hydrocarbons did not significantly affect the ozone budget. Naturally produced biogenic hydrocarbons, such as isoprene, may also have a significant effect on ozone production, even at concentrations of a few 10's of pptv. An observed temperature-isoprene relationship from a boreal site in Canada indicates that isoprene may be present during the Alaskan spring. Measurements of isoprene taken during the spring of 1996 suggest that reactive biogenic hydrocarbon emissions begin before the emergence of leaves on deciduous trees and that the concentrations were sufficient to accelerate ozone production.