Using SYNTEXT with Panorama

Installing and loading Panorama

Panorama (Free) is a free sgm(l) browser for MSDOS Windows from SoftQuad (now Interleaf). It is obsolete but adequate to view SYNTEXT, so you really don't need to pay up to use SYNTEXT. SYNTEXT files should also be viewable on an XML capable browser such as Jumbo, Hybrick, or Doczilla. If you associate the extension .sgm with panorama.exe, clicking on your local copy of file.sgm will open panorama with file.sgm loaded.

Panorama is also available as a plugin for the major viewers--or was. Multidoc Pro from is also useable.

Sample texts

If you already have it installed as a helper for your Web browser, you can just click on one of the examples listed here: Panorama should come up and download the file, syntext.dtd and the style sheets called for in the text files (public identifiers, catalog, and entityrc files are not used).

Local or Online?

One way to view SYNTEXT to download the package to your machine and unzipping it in its own directory. (There is no html documentation of the DTD in the package, just a Quick Reference of short definitions and a Tree display of the rewrite options.) Associate the extension .sgm with panorama.exe; then click on a sample. This will launch Panorama with the sample file loaded. (If you try to use your browser to load one of these .sgm files (and launch Panorama), the file will have problems finding its .dtd, style, and navigator files.)

If you do not have Panorama installed, you can download it from the Oxford Text Archive by clicking panofree

Using the style sheets and navigators

There are five style sheets and five navigators that may make it onto your machine. These display and mask various bits of the markup for the sample files (but not for the single, simple sentence). What they are supposed to do, and in an ideal computing world, would do is:

style sheets


SYNTEXT uses Panorama's navigator sheet mechanism to "pull out" and display the contents of various elements from the text. In the basic package, sheets to extract prepositional phrases (PPP), noun phrases (NPP), and Verbs have been provided, as have sheets to extract the figures (FIG) and specifiers (SPEC). Using those sheets, you can probably figure out how to write them for other elements; then you just add your new sheet's name to the top of the .sgm file underneath the others.
George L. Dillon
12 May 1996; revised 25 January 1999