Using SYNTEXT with Panorama
Installing and loading Panorama
Panorama (Free) is a free sgm(l) browser for MSDOS Windows from SoftQuad (now Interleaf). It is obsolete but adequate to view SYNTEXT, so you really don't need to pay up to use SYNTEXT. SYNTEXT files should also be viewable on an XML capable browser such as Jumbo, Hybrick, or Doczilla. If you associate the extension
panorama.exe, clicking on your local copy of
file.sgm will open panorama with
Panorama is also available as a plugin for the major viewers--or was. Multidoc Pro from www.citec.fi is also useable.
If you already have it installed as a helper for your Web browser, you can just click on one of the examples listed here: Panorama should come up and download the file,
syntext.dtd and the style sheets called for in the text files (public identifiers,
entityrc files are not used).
Local or Online?
One way to view SYNTEXT to download the
package to your machine and unzipping it in its own directory. (There is no
html documentation of the DTD in the package, just a Quick Reference of
short definitions and a Tree display of the rewrite options.)
Associate the extension
click on a sample. This will launch Panorama with the sample file loaded. (If you try to use your browser to load one of these .sgm files (and launch Panorama), the file will have problems finding its .dtd, style, and navigator files.)
If you do not have Panorama installed, you can download it from the Oxford Text Archive by clicking
Using the style sheets and navigators
There are five style sheets and five navigators that may make it onto your machine. These display and mask various bits of the markup for the sample files (but not for the single, simple sentence). What they are supposed to do, and in an ideal computing world, would do is:
- syntext.ssh--the default sheet, unmarked, pretty much
- gramrel--marks the gramrel attribute value for the nodes having one, tagging it at the end of the node string.
- coref--underlines the anaphoric NPPs and tags the antecedent with a blue target. The display includes "t" traces and PRO, since these are bound and controlled by antecedent-like things (here also with blue targets).
- lexcoh--lexical cohesion is marked on words belonging to the same or related semantic sets
- conj--the connective relation, whether explicit or inferred, as marked as an attribute of the CPP specifier.
SYNTEXT uses Panorama's navigator sheet mechanism to "pull out" and display the contents of various elements from the text. In the basic package, sheets to extract prepositional phrases (PPP), noun phrases (NPP), and Verbs have been provided, as have sheets to extract the figures (FIG) and specifiers (SPEC). Using those sheets, you can probably figure out how to write them for other elements; then you just add your new sheet's name to the top of the
.sgm file underneath the others.
George L. Dillon
12 May 1996; revised 25 January 1999