SYNTEXT is a type of document: one which is made up of sentences of connected prose text which have been marked up for grammatical parsing and other features of text structure. The rules for parsing and marking up sentences and paragraphs of English text are given in the Document Type Definition--syntext.dtd--which this Help documents. It is an SGML application.
The backbone of SYNTEXT is the proper parsing of the text into sentences and their constituent elements. These elements derive from Noam Chomsky's X-bar syntax.
In addition, these elements can be given attributes indicating their grammatical function in the sentence--such things as S(ubject), Adjunct, and Clausal Complement (CompCPP). Thus it is possible to display both the grammatical structure and the grammatical function of words and phrases in sentences.
Further, provision is made for marking features of text cohesion as described by M. A. K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan, namely connective relations between sentences, coreference within and across sentences, and lexical cohesion. These features also are marked as attributes of various elements.
Finally, the markup allows for flagging of rhetorical schemes and tropes via the <FIG> tag, which has a sampling of the traditional terms as attributes.
dtd2html1.4.0.--with some human intervention.