EXAMPLES: the picture (which/that) we will look at/IN next
He doesn’t know what he is up against/IN.
Prepositions may also immediately precede prepositional phrases. This means that one preposition can
precede another (to counts as a regular preposition in this context), as in the examples below. To be
tagged as IN rather than as RP, a putative preposition must be more closely associated with the following
prepositional phrase than with the verb.
EXAMPLES: blaze out/IN into/IN space
come out/IN of/IN the woodwork
look up/IN to/TO someone
because/IN of/IN her late arrival
take millions of dollars out/IN of/IN circulation
(cf. *take out millions of dollars of circulation)
If a putative preposition is not associated with an object anywhere in the clause, it should be tagged either
as a particle (RP)|or as an adverb (RB) (see \RB or RP").
A word is a particle (RP) rather than a preposition (IN):
if it can either precede or follow a noun phrase object.
She told o /RP her friends;
she told her friends o /RP.
if when you replace a noun phrase object by a pronoun, the pronoun must precede the word.
EXAMPLES: She told them o /RP; *she told o /RP them.
He peeled it o /RP; *he peeled o /RP it.
If the results of this test con ict with the results of the rst test, go by the results of the second.
???to run a bill up/RP; to run up/RP a bill;
to run it up/RP; *to run up/RP it
if it can be part of a noun that is derived from a particle-verb collocation.
EXAMPLES: to break down/RP;
to break through/RP; breakthrough
to be left over/RP;
to push over/RP;
to put down/RP;