Neuroscience On Stamps

Neuroscientists


Sweden
Santiago Ramon y Cajal and Camillo Golgi: winners of the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their work on the structure of the nervous system.

Sweden
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov: winner of the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work on the digestive system. Pavlov is also well known for his work on classical conditioning.

Sweden
Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod: winners of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their work on neurotransmitters.

France
Jean Martin Charcot: founder of clinical neurology.

Portugal
Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz: winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work using leucotomy to treat psychosis.

Portugal
Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz: winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work using leucotomy to treat psychosis.

Portugal
Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz: winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work using leucotomy to treat psychosis.

USA
Harvey Williams Cushing: early neurosurgeon who was the first to stimulate the human sensory cortex electrically.

Yemen
Galen: early Roman physician who studied the brain.

Sweden
Roger Wolcott Sperry: winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work on the specialization of the cerebral hemispheres.

Sweden
John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Fielding Huxley: winners of the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their work on the ionic mechanisms of the nerve cell membrane.

USA
Harvey Washington Wiley: responsible for the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act.

Sweden
Allvar Gullstrand: winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work on the optics of the eye.

Austria
Otto Loewi: winner of the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work on the chemical transmission of nerve impulses; discovered "Vagusstoff" (now known as the neurotransmitter called acetylcholine).

Germany
Hermann von Helmholtz: invented the ophthalmoscope.

Germany
Hermann von Helmholtz

Germany
Cecile Vogt: studied the layers of the cerebral cortex.

Portugal
Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz: winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work using leucotomy to treat psychosis.

Soviet Union
Ivan Pavlov: studied the conditioned reflexes.

Soviet Union
Avicenna: studied vision and the eye.

Czechoslovakia
Jan Evangelista Purkyne

Italy
Camillo Golgi: 1906 Nobel Prize winner for his work on the structure of the nervous system.
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