The Neuron - Answer Sheet

Axon: The part of the neuron that takes information AWAY from the cell body.

Cell Body: Also called the soma; the part of the cell that contains the nucleus.

Dendrites: Extensions from the neuron cell body that take information TO the cell body.

Myelin: Fatty substance that surrounds some axons. Speeds up conduction velocity of action potentials.

Node of Ranvier: Gaps in the myelination of axons.

Nucleus: part of the neuron that contains chromosomes (genetic material).

Synaptic Terminal: the end of the axon containing vesicles with neurotransmitters.

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