Brain Facts that make you go, "Hmmmmm".

One way to use these facts is to cut out each fact and place them all in a box. Pass the box around to each person. When the box gets to a new person, have him or her reach into the box and read off one fact. Then the box is passed to the next person. If you want to get fancy, you could even laminate each fact. These facts just might make you go, "Hmmmmmmmmm". (For more Brain Facts, go to brain facts and figures, the Treasure Trove of Brain Trivia and amazing animal senses.)

Facts

The adult human brain weighs about 3 pounds (1,300-1,400 g).

The adult human brain is about 2% of the total body weight.

The elephant brain weighs about 6,000 g.

The cat brain weighs about 30 g.

The average human brain is 140 mm wide.

The average human brain is 167 mm long.

The average human brain is 93 mm high.

The human brain has about 100,000,000,000 (100 billion) neurons.

The octopus nervous system has about 500,000,000 neurons, with two-thirds of these neurons located in the arms of the octopus.

The total surface area of the cerebral cortex is about 2500 sq. cm (~2.5 ft2)

The world record for time without sleep is 264 hours (11 days) by Randy Gardner in 1965. Note: In Biopsychology (by J.P.J. Pinel, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000, p. 322), the record for time awake is attributed to Mrs. Maureen Weston. She apparently spent 449 hours (18 days, 17 hours) awake in a rocking chair. The Guinness Book of World Records [1990] has the record belonging to Robert McDonald who spent 453 hours, 40 min in a rocking chair.

Unconsciousness will occur after 8-10 seconds after loss of blood supply to the brain.

Neurons multiply at a rate 250,000 neurons/minute during early pregnancy.

The weight of an adult human cerebellum is 150 g.

The total volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is 125-150 ml.

A total of 400-500 ml of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced every day.

Cerebrospinal fluid is normally clear and colorless.

There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves.

There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves.

The human spinal cord is 45 cm long in men and 43 cm long in women.

Humans can hear in the range of 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz.

Rats can hear in the range of 1,000 to 50,000 Hz.

The most sensitive range of human hearing is between 1,000-4,000 Hz.

Pain occurs when sounds are above 130 db.

Hearing damage can occur if people are exposed to sounds above 90 db for an extended period of time.

The total number of human taste buds (tongue, palate, cheeks) is about 10,000.

The total number of human olfactory receptor cells is about 40 million.

The human eyeball is about 24.5 mm long.

The octopus does not have a blind spot.

The total weight of skin in an average adult human is 6 lb.(2.7 kg).

There are 1,000 to 10,000 synapses for a "typical" neuron.

The cell bodies of neurons vary in diameter from 4 microns (granule cell) to 100 microns (motor neuron in cord).

The resting potential in a squid giant axon is -70 mV.


Now for some selected facts about amazing animal senses:.

Bats can find food (insects) up to 18 ft. away and get information about the type of insect using echolocation.

The eyes of the chameleon can move independently. Therefore, it can see in two different directions at the same time.

Crabs have hair on claws and other parts of the body to detect water currect and vibration.

Like bats, dolphins use echolocation for movement and locating objects.

Each eye of the dragonfly contains 30,000 lenses.

The entire body of an earthworm is covered with chemoreceptors.

Blowflies taste with 3,000 sensory hairs on their feet.

The frog has an eardrum (tympanic membrane) on the outside of the body behind the eye.

The giant squid eye is 40 cm in diameter.

The silkworm moth can detect pheromones up to 11 km. away.

Scorpions can have as many as 12 eyes.