classical Hollywood cinema. Denotes a set of formal and stylistic boundaries, defined by a certain fundamental stability of editing and camerawork practices and by certain generic conventions. For some, it does not merely indicate the parameters of form and style in Hollywood cinema of the 30s, but extends roughly from World War I to the breakup of the Hollywood studio system in the 1950s and 1960s, or even to the present, insofar as this system persists through the formal organization of international commercial film and perhaps television in an era when the industry's financial structure is somewhat different. Behind the concept of classical cinema lies the idea that Hollywood filmmaking has dominated our conception of what a "normal" movie is since the formation of the film studio apparatus between, roughly 1910 and the early 1920s. Thus the U.S. film industry can be treated not only as the most powerful economic force among national cinemas, but relatedly as the most influential model of filmmaking practice in history. The claim is that there are certain identifiable parameters of form and style which have for most of film history served as norms and limitations throughout the world, and these norms are associated most closely with the kinds of films produced most successfully and extensively in the American narrative film industry. (from Rosen, 1986) [Expanded: formalist assessment] [Expanded: psychoanalytic-feminist assessment]