Professor Prakash studies environmental politics and governance, NGOs and nonprofits, voluntary regulation, and international political economy. Much of his work focuses on voluntary environmental programs. He has extended this work to study corporate social responsibility and voluntary regulation in the nonprofit sector. He is also examining issues pertaining to (1) drivers of domestic pollution, (2) NGO advocacy and accountability, and (3) the influence of trade and FDI networks on the cross-country diffusion of rules, standards, and norms in areas such as the human rights, labor rights, and women's rights. In addition, he has an avid interest in Indian politics and edits the blog,

Aseem Prakash is the author of Greening the Firm: The Politics of Corporate Environmentalism (Cambridge, 2000), the co-author of The Voluntary Environmentalists: Green Clubs, ISO 14001, and Voluntary Environmental Regulations (Cambridge, 2006), and the co-editor of Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action (Cambridge, 2010), Voluntary Regulations of NGOs and Nonprofits: An Accountability Club Framework (Cambridge, 2010),Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective (The MIT Press, 2009), Coping with Globalization (Routledge, 2000), Responding to Globalization (Routledge, 2000), and Globalization and Governance (Routledge, 1999). In addition to guest editing several journal symposia, he has published extensively in leading journals of political science, international relations, public policy, legal studies, nonprofit studies, and business.

Aseem Prakash secured B.A. (Hons) in Economics from St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi in 1986 and MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad in 1988. Then, he worked as a manager in the marketing department of Procter and Gamble, India (1989-1992). He received a Joint Ph.D. from the Department of Political Science and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University, Bloomington (1993-1997). His dissertation won the Academy of Management's 1998 Organization and the Natural Environment best dissertation award. From 1997 to 2002, he served as Assistant Professor of Strategic Management and Public Policy at the School of Business, The George Washington University. Since 2002, he has served on the faculty of the Department of Political Science at University of Washington, Seattle. He was elected to the position of the Vice President of the International Studies Association for the period, 2015-2016.