SCAND 490

NEW COUNTRIES: PICTURING

GLOBALIZATION IN SCANDINAVIAN CULTURE

Prof. Andrew Nestingen

Spring 2002

 

5 Credits         

T., Th. 3:30-5:20, Thomson 202

Film Screenings: F. 2:30-5:00 in Educational Media Collection Screening Room, Basement Kane Hall

Office: Raitt 305Q

Phone: 543-0643

Email: akn@u.washington.edu

Office hours: Tue. 10:20-11:20, Wed. 12:30-1:30

 

 

...all this geography is just a dream, a fantasy, because such a country doesn’t exist. In reality, all countries have become imaginary deserts of ruins where crowds of nomads roam from one attraction to the other, sweeping over nations, skipping like fleas from continent to continent.

 

     --Tônu Õnnepalu, Border State

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

Globalization occurs through a dense net of connection around the planet, economic, political, and cultural—or an admixture of these, according to some. These networks facilitate physical and virtual travel to diverse places. Some people move around the globe, in search of better lives. Others jump into global networks to flee oppression. Some move themselves, or money or goods, in pursuit of profit. Global networks facilitate multiple sorts of movement. One thing is certain, relative changes in people’s mobility, location, and community alter the way in which they imagine themselves, their relations to others, and their connections to the groups to which they belong. To what do mobile people, goods, and capital belong? How do these figures on the move imagine themselves? How do the communities which they’ve left, and in which they’ve arrived, imagine them? This course takes up these questions in the context of the contemporary Nordic region. 

           

The course is organized thematically. The themes are not monolithic positions, however, but clusters of contradictions. We will try to understand the changing relations that global movement creates by looking at the contrasts that arise in global networks. I have tried to create themes around contradictions by juxtaposing readings that contrast markedly with each other: the mobility of capital in contrast with cultural mobility; appeals to tradition as a source of identity juxtaposed with the idea that tradition itself is always itself portable; the liberty of being on the road versus the difficulties of displacement and dislocation; looking cool against hiding desperation. These are just of the few contradictions. From these contradictions will emerge a dialogue among the texts and essays, which will serve as a framework for grasping better the manifold dynamics that constitute the cultural dimensions of globalization. The dialogue will help crack open each text for us.

           

More specifically, the themes are organized around conjunctions and disjunctions. Which texts emphasize identities, solidarities, and belonging? How? How are such ties shown to us? By contrast, when and for what reasons do these texts emphasize disjunction, and the uncertainty, yet sometimes liberating freedom, of not belonging, of being mobile? Paying attention to these contrasts brings out themes in all of these texts, which may not at first be visible. Our task in the course is to deal with the themes that we see immediately, and those we have to tease out more patiently. This, we might find, will tell us something about the way globalization looks in Scandinavia. 

 

ASSIGNMENTS

 

Student work will consist of three major assignments: a) viewing and reading assigned material for in-class participation; b) an oral presentation in class on a text to be chosen by the student; c) a final written paper, to be submitted by 5 PM Monday, June. 10.

 

Participation: I expect students to prepare all readings for class by the day that they’re listed on the syllabus and to be ready to discuss them.

The required readings are listed on the syllabus. It may be useful during the first several weeks to skim chapters 3-5 in Global Transformations. Reading these chapters will provide you useful background to further discussion in the class. However, the reading is optional.

 

Oral Presentation: Each student should select a text from the list of suggested readings or viewings for their oral presentation. The presentation should last approximately 10 minutes. It should consist of: (1) a summary of the text; (2) a comparative criticism of the text, relying on references to texts and films we’ve discussed in class as grounds for comparison—give us your critical take on what you’ve read; (3) a presentation of two questions for further discussion, which bring together your previous points and pave the way for class discussion. 

           

If you would like to propose a text or film that fits the themes of the class, but is not included on the list below, please discuss your proposal with me.

I urge you to consider how you might integrate your oral presentation and your final paper so that the first helps develop the second.  No late work will be accepted. You are expected to present on the day for which you register.

 

Final Paper: You may choose the topic for the final paper. It should deal with texts from class. I expect an original research paper, so I encourage you to bring in sources from outside the course. The paper should be double-spaced, typed, and use MLA or Chicago Manual Style citation standards. It should be 10-15 pages long. I urge you to discuss your topic with me ahead of time.

 

Your final grade will be calculated according to the following schedule:

 

PARTICIPATION                   20%

ORAL PRESENTATION        30%

FINAL PAPER                        50%

 

 

REQUIRED TEXTS

 

All texts are available at the University of Washington Bookstore on University Way NE.

 

The COURSE READER is available at The Ave. Copy Center, 4141 University Way NE (633-1837).

 

Appadurai, Arjun. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press. 1996.

 

Held, David et al. Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press; Cambridge: Polity; Oxford:   Blackwell, 1999.

 

Õnnepalu, Tônu. Border State. Trans. Madli Puhvel. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2000.

 

Pred, Allan. Even in Sweden: Racisms, Racialized Spaces, and the Popular Geographical Imagination. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 2000.

 

 

SUGGESTED TEXTS

 

Soila, Tytti, Söderbergh Widding, Astrid, and Iversen, Gunnar. Nordic National Cinemas New York, London: Routledge, 1998.

 

 

 

COURSE PLAN

 

 

Week 1 WORLD IN MOTION

 

 

T. 4/2 “New Countries, New Belongings: Introduction”

 

Film:     Valgaften (Election Night, 1998) Dir. Anders Thomas Jensen

 

Th. 4/4 “Globalization: Toward a Provisional Account”

 

Global Transformations 1-31

Modernity at Large 1-23

 

Poems from Verdensborger i Danmark (Cosmopolitan in Denmark) Benny Andersen in CR

“Skabsvenskere”—“Closet Swedes”

“Verdensborger i Danmark”—“Cosmopolitan in Denmark”

“Tilbage igen”—“Home Again”

 

 

Week 2 LOSING HOME

 

Film: Ariel. Dir. Aki Kaurismäki, 1990.

 

T. 4/9 “The Global Economy and Aki Kaurismäki’s Irony”

 

“The Kaurismäki Effect” Interview with Jonathan Romney in CR

“Europe’s Wood Basket Transformed” Markku Kuisma in CR

                       

Th. 4/11 Discussion and Presentation #1,2

 

Global Transformations 327-375

Néstor García Canclini “Remaking Passports” CR

 

 

Week 3 MOBILITY AND AGENCY

 

Film: Pathfinder. Dir. Nils Gaup, 1988.

 

T. 4/16 “A Colonized Nordic Perspective”

           

“Folklore, Boundaries, and Audience in Pathfinder” Tom DuBois in CR

“Two Centuries of Progress” Shelly Errington in CR                 

 

Th. 4/18 Discussion and Presentation #3,4

 

“Traveling Cultures” James Clifford in CR

“The Night Between the Days” Ailo Gaup in CR

“Palimpsest” Aagot Vinterbo-Hohr in CR                     

 

 

Week 4 ON THE ROAD

 

Film: Det nya landet pts. 1 & 2

                       

T. 4/23 “Globalization’s Human Face”

 

Even in Sweden 1-56

                       

Th. 4/25 Discussion and Presentation #5,6

 

Global Transformations 283-326

 

 

Week 5 ON THE ROAD AGAIN

 

Film: Det nya landet pts. 3 & 4

 

T. 4/30 Discussion and Presentation #7,8

 

“Themes of Nation” Mette Hjort in CR

“Conquering Your New Identity” Theodor Kallifatides in CR

Modernity at Large 27-47

                       

Th. 5/2  NO CLASS

 

 

Week 6 LIVING-IN-BETWEEN

 

Film: Sinans Bryllup

 

T. 5/7   “Globally Mobile Cultures”

 

“Please: No More Danskhed” Steven Sampson in CR

“Oslo’s Untold Story” in CR

   

Th. 5/9  Discussion and Presentation #9,10

                       

“Dissemination” Homi Bhabha in CR

“A Dialogue Under the New Moon” He Dong in CR

 

Week 7 SMALL-TIME CROOKS

 

Film: Pusher

 

T. 5/14 “Around Town; or, Genres Across Borders

 

Even in Sweden 57-96

“Power and ‘Cool’” Roland Barthes in CR

“The Gangster as Tragic Hero” Robert Warshow in CR

           

Th. 5/16 Discussion and Presentation #11,12

 

Even in Sweden 96-142

“Danish Cinema and the Politics of Recognition” Mette Hjort in CR

 

 

Week 8 SCANDINAVIAN GANGSTERS

 

Film: Pizza King

 

T. 5/21 “Genre, Gender, and Transnational Crime”          

 

Even in Sweden 142-185

“Fin de Siècle in the Urban Periphery” Per-Markku Ristilammi in CR

 

 

Th. 5/23 Discussion and Presentation #13,14

 

“Which Mapping of the City? La Haine (Kassovitz, 1995) and the cinéma de banlieue” Myrto Konstantarakos in CR

“Community, City and Locality” Linda McDowell in CR

                       

 

Week 9 THE CULTURAL POLITICS OF FARCE

 

Film:    Montenegro

 

T. 5/28 “The Cultural Politics of Farce”

 

Even in Sweden 265-288

 

Th. 5/30 Discussion and Presentation #15,16

 

 “Introduction: The Necessary Nation” Gregory Jusdanis in CR

 

 

Week 10 IMAGINED GEOGRAPHIES

 

T. 6/4 “Within or Without Nations?”

 

Border-State Tônu Õnnepalu

 

Th. 6/6  Final Discussion

                       

Modernity at Large 158-177

 

 


 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR READINGS

 

 

 

WEEK 1

 

Andersen, Benny. Verdensborger i Danmark og andre digte om danskere. København: Borgen, 1995.

Andersen, Benny. Cosmopolitan in Denmark and Other Poems About Danes. Trans. Cynthia La Touche Andersen. København: Borgen, 1995.

 

 

WEEK 2

 

Kuisma, Markku. “Europe’s Wood Basket Transformed: Finnish Economic History in   a Long Perspective.” Europe’s Northern Frontier: Perspectives on Finland’s Western Identity. Ed. Tuomas M.S. Lehtonen. Trans. Philip Landon. Jyväskylä: PS Kustannus, 1999. 50-85. Trans. of Suomi—Outo Pohjoinen Maa: Näkökulmia Euroopan äären historian ja kulttuuriin. PS Kustannus: Jyväskylä, 1999. 50-85.

García Canclini, Néstor “Remaking Passports: Visual Thought in the Debate on Multiculturalism.” The Visual Culture Reader. Ed. Nicholas Mirzoeff. London, New York: Routledge, 1998. 372-381.

 

 

WEEK 3

 

DuBois, Thomas. “Folklore, Boundaries and Audience in The Pathfinder.” Sami Folkloristics. Ed. Juha Pentikäinen. Turku : NNF, Abo Akademi University, 2000. 255-274.

Errington, Shelly. The Death of Authentic Primitive Art and Other Tales of Progress. Berkeley, London, LA: University of California Press, 1998.

Clifford, James. Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA, London: Harvard, 1997.

Gaup, Ailo. “The Night Between the Days.” In the Shadow of the Midnight Sun: Contemporary Sami Prose and Poetry. Ed. Harald Gaski. Karasjok: Davvi Girji OS, 1997. 249-262

Vinterbo-Hohr, Aagot. “Palimpsest.” In the Shadow of the Midnight Sun: Contemporary Sami Prose and Poetry. Ed. Harald Gaski. Karasjok: Davvi Girji OS, 1997. 233-242.

 

 

WEEK 5

 

Hjort, Mette. “Themes of Nation.” Cinema & Nation. Eds. Mette Hjort and Scott Mackenzie. New York, London: Routledge, 2000. 103-118.

Kallifatides, Theodor. “Conquering Your Identity.” International Framtider (1997) 27-29. 

 

 

WEEK 6

 

Sampson, Steve. “Please: No More Danskhed.” Dansk Identitet? Ed. Uffe Østergaard. Aarhus: Aarhus universitetsforlag, 1992. 225-237.

Sharma, Kalpana. “Oslo’s Untold Story.” The Hindu On-Line 7/1/2001. <http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2001/07/01/stories/13010464.htm>

Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. New York, London: Routledge, 1995.

Dong, He. “Dialogue Under the New Moon.” Trans. Katherine Hansen. Contemporary Norwegian Women's Writing : An Anthology. Ed. Janet Garton. Norwich : Norvik, 1995. 253-257.   

 

 

WEEK 7

 

Barthes, Roland. “Power and ‘Cool.’” The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies. Trans. Richard Howard. New York: Hill and Wang, 1979. 43-46. 

Warshow, Robert. The Immediate Experience: Movies, Theatre, Comics, and Other Aspects of Popular Culture. Garden City, New York:  Doubleday, 1962.

Hjort, Mette. “Danish Cinema and the Politics of Recognition.” Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. Eds. David Bordwell and Noel Carroll. Madison,            London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996. 520-532.

 

 

WEEK 8

 

Ristilammi, Per-Markku. “Fin de Siècle in the Urban Periphery.” Ethnologia Europaea (1998) 28: 37-44. 

Konstantarakos, Myrto. “Which Mapping of the City? La Haine (Kassovitz, 1995) and the cinéma de banlieue.French Cinema in the 1990s. Continuity and Difference.Ed. Phil Powrie. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 160-171.

 McDowell, Linda. Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

 

 

WEEK 9

 

Jusdanis, Gregory. The Necessary Nation. Princeton, NJ, Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001.

 

 

 

 

SUGGESTED READING & VIEWING FOR IN-CLASS REPORTS

 

SEE ME FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES OR BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

 

Cohan, Steve and Hark, Ina Rae. “The Road Movie: Introduction”

Willis, Sharon. “Race on the Road: Crossover Dreams”

 

Gilroy, Paul. “Art of Darkness” in CR

hooks, bell. Representing Whiteness, Seeing Wings of Desire

 

Hall, Stuart. “Old and New Identities, Old and New Ethnicities.”

------.  “The Local and the Global: Globalization and Ethnicity.”

 

Hedetoft, Ulf.  “Contemporary Cinema: Between Cultural Globalization and National Interpretation.”

 

Mitchell, Edward. “Apes and Essences: Some Sources of Significance in the American Gangster Film.”

Mean Streets (1972) Martin Scorcese

 

Pulkkinen, Tuija. “One Language, One  Mind”

 

Reid, Mark. “The Black Gangster Film.”

Menace II Society (1991) Dir. Allen Hughes

 

Schroeder, Erin. “A Multicultural Conversation: La Haine, Raï and Menace II Society.”

La Haine (Hate) (1995) Dir. Mathieu Kassovitz

 

 

Readings in a Nordic language (Books are on reserve in Odegaard Library)

 

al-Kubaisi, Walid. Min tro, din myte: Islam møter norsk hverdag. Oslo: Aventura Forlag,      1996.

 

Dansk identitet? Red. af Uffe Østegård. Aarhus: Aarhus universitetsforlag, 1992.

 

Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. Typisk Norsk: Essays om kulturen in Norge. Oslo: C. Huitfeldt Forlag A.S., 1993.

 

Fucking Film: Den nya svenska filmen. Red. Stig Björkman, Helena Lindblad, Fredrik Sahlin. Stockholm: AlfabetaAnamma, 2002.

 

Hammer, Ole and Toft, Charlotte. Det flerkulture Danmark. Århus: Klim, 1995.

 

Hussain, Khalid. Pakkis. Oslo: Tiden Norsk Forlag, 1986.

 

Jalla! Jalla! (2000) Dir. Josef Fares

 

Jonsson, Stefan. De andra. Amerikanska kulturkrig och europeisk rasism. Stockholm: Norstedts, 1993.

Kallifatides, Theodor. Utlänningar. Stockholm: Bonniers, 1970.

 

Zaman Kadafi. Norge i svart, hvitt og brunt: En multikulturell mosaikk. Oslo: Forum Aschehoug, 1999.