AIS/HSTAA 332, Winter 2010
American Indian History since 1840
Course Content and Goals
This course surveys the history of American Indians from the 1840s, when the
By fulfilling course requirements, you should gain understanding of the historical reasons for Indians' unique status in American society, for the challenges and opportunities that Indians face today, and for present-day controversies about Indian rights and identity.
Required readings consist of three books and a photocopied coursepack, available for purchase at University Bookstore. The books are:
Larry McMurtry, Crazy Horse
David Wallace Adams, Education for Extinction
Charles Wilkinson, Blood Struggle
The coursepack contains the following items.
1. George Catlin, "Letters and Notes on the Manners and Customs, and Conditions of North American Indians," Letter No. 58, pp. 1 and 11-24 of a document available at http://catlinclassroom.si.edu/searchdocs/catlinletter58.html;
2. Letters and petitions in Robert F. Heizer, The Destruction of California Indians (Santa Barbara and Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, 1974), pp. 13-16, 130, 176-88;
4. Report of Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1873, pp. 234-43, 250-52, 281-83, 305-09;
5. Frederick Hoxie, "From Prison to Homeland,"
6. John Walker Harrington, "Self-Determination for American Red Man," New York Times,
7. Kenneth R. Philp, "John Collier and the Controversy over the Wheeler-Howard Bill," in Indian-White Relations: A Persistent Paradox, ed. Smith and Kvasnicka (Howard University Press, 1981), pp. 171-200;
8. Interviews of Ben Reifel, Ramon Roubideaux, and Clarence Foreman in To Be an Indian, ed. Cash and Hoover (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971), pp. 121-132, 153-58;
9. Articles from New York Times, "
10. National Indian Youth Council press statement, 1964, from NIYC papers,
11. Articles from New York Times, 1956, "About
12. "American Indian Capital Conference on Poverty," Statement of Melvin Thom, 1964, from National Indian Youth Council papers;
13. Articles from
14. Indians of All Nations, "Proclamation to the Great White Father and to All His People," 1969;
15. Timothy Egan, "New Prosperity Brings New Conflict to Indian Country," New York Times,
For your convenience, the books are on 4-hour reserve at Odegaard Library.
Assignments and Examinations
You will demonstrate your understanding of readings and lectures in two short papers, a midterm examination, a final examination, and two "town meetings" that will involve both discussion and writing assignments.
First paper due Thursday, January 21
First town meeting Thursday, February 4
Midterm exam Thursday, February 11
Second town meeting Tuesday, February 23
Second paper due Thursday, March 11
Final exam Wednesday, March 17,
There will also be occasional credit/no-credit exercises intended to promote discussion, help you analyze readings, and give you opportunities to practice skills needed for success in the course. Some exercises may take place in class, even on the spur of the moment. Most will involve posting an entry on our electronic bulletin board (Go-Post) or submitting something on paper.
Your grade on the first paper, the midterm exam, the second paper, and the final exam will each constitute 15% of your course grade. Your grade on a town meeting assignment will constitute 10% of your course grade when you are in the audience and 15% when you are a panelist.
The remaining 15% of your course grade will reflect your participation in other class activities, especially the credit/no-credit exercises. You can ensure an A for this portion of your grade by attending class faithfully, conscientiously completing all exercises, contributing to discussions in class and on line, and otherwise showing that you are working diligently to understand course material and develop the skills of a history scholar.
You will receive a handout summarizing the standards for evaluating your papers and exam essays. Exams will require you to analyze information presented in class meetings as well as readings. Because class discussions will cover material not encompassed in the readings, you must be present at all class meetings and take thorough notes in order to do well on exams.
If your work in the course shows steady improvement as the quarter progresses, I will add points to your calculated course grade. This is one of several reasons to take advantage of my strong desire to help you learn. Ask questions as needed, tell me when I am not making something clear to you, arrange a meeting with me to discuss how you can develop your skills, and let me know immediately if you encounter special problems that may affect your performance in the course.
Course Website and Go-Post Discussion Board
The URL for the course website is http://faculty.washington.edu/aharmon/AIS332/ais332.html. The homepage has links to the syllabus, lecture outlines, instructions for papers and town meetings, questions to consider as you read and prepare for class discussions, notice of some assignments, study guides for exams, and miscellaneous announcements.
Also linked to the website is a Go-Post discussion board where you will post responses to some assignments. At this site you can also initiate or join other conversations about issues that arise in the course. For help using the Go-Post board, go to http://www.washington.edu/lst/help/gopost/ and look under "Participants" for a link to information on a likely issue.
Lecture and Reading Schedule
WEEK 1 INDIANS AND THE UNITED STATES IN THE 1840S
Read McMurtry, Crazy Horse, through page 63
Catlin, "Letters and Notes....," excerpt of Letter No. 58
January 4 Introduction to the course
January 5 Legacies of history before 1840
January 7 Videos: "The Bison Hunters" and "Winds of Change" (Navajos)
WEEK 2 HOW THE WEST WAS LOST
Read McMurtry, Crazy Horse, to the end
Three articles, New York Daily Times, 1851
Letters and petitions in Heizer, The Destruction of California Indians
January 11 The invasion of California
January 12 Fighting for the
January 13 A problematic
January 14 Video: "Last Stand at Little Bighorn"
WEEK 3 RELEGATED TO RESERVATIONS
Agency reports, Report of Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1873
January 18 HOLIDAY
January 19 The end of armed resistance
January 20 Reservation life in the 1870s
January 21 Reformers and "the Indian problem"
** FIRST PAPER DUE. **
WEEK 4 THE CIVILIZATION PROGRAM
Hoxie, "From Prison to Homeland"
January 25 A program to civilize and assimilate Indians
January 26 The assimilation program in practice
January 27 Educating Indians
January 28 Mixed messages about Indianness
WEEK 5 TALKING BACK TO THE CIVILIZERS
Harrington, "Self-Determination for American Red Man," N.Y. Times
February 1 Religious and political responses
February 2 World War I and citizenship
February 3 Town meeting preparation
February 4 FIRST TOWN MEETING
WEEK 6 A NEW DEAL?
Read Philp, "John Collier and the Controversy over the Wheeler-Howard Bill"
Cash/Hoover, "Ben Reifel," "Ramon Roubideaux," "Clarence Foreman"
February 8 Repudiating the assimilation policy
February 9 The Indian New Deal
February 10 Tribal self-government in the 1930s
February 11 MIDTERM EXAM
WEEK 7 TRIBALISM UNDER SIEGE
Read Wilkinson, Blood Struggle, through page 86
N.Y. Times articles: "Oregon Indians Split on Future," "Navajos Distrust Control by State," "About New York," "Indians Thrive in Large Cities"
February 15 HOLIDAY
February 16 World War II and the Cold War
February 17 A new drive to assimilate Indians
February 18 Termination
WEEK 8 SIGNS OF A TRIBAL REVIVAL
Read Wilkinson, Blood Struggle, pages 90-173
National Indian Youth Council press statement
"American Indian Capital Conference," statement of Melvin Thom
February 22 Town meeting preparation
February 23 SECOND TOWN MEETING
February 24 Resurgent tribalism in the 1960s
February 25 Film: "The Forgotten American"
WEEK 9 HOW PRESENT INDIAN POLICY CAME ABOUT
Read Wilkinson, Blood Struggle, pages 177-268
Los Angeles Times articles: "City Called a 'Foreign' Country to Indians," "L.A. Indians Await Influx from Reservations"
Indians of All Nations, "Proclamation to the Great White Father..."
March 1 Indians in the cities
March 2 The militants
March 3 Victories in courts and Congress
March 4 The self-determination policy
WEEK 10 RECENT TRENDS AND ISSUES
Read Wilkinson, Blood Struggle, pages 271-380
Egan, "New Prosperity Brings New Conflict," New York Times
March 8 Tribal government renaissance
March 9 Video: "Indian Country"
March 10 Casinos and power
March 11 Summing up
** SECOND PAPER DUE**
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Last modified: 12/14/2009 11:00 AM